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Proofreading Courses Shouldn t Cost a Small Fortune


The No-Nonsense Proofreading Course: .proofreading-course.com Why are most proofreading courses so ludicrously

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Professional proof reading

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Business Plan: Your Financial Plan. Professional Proof Reading? The financial part of a business plan includes various financial statements that show where your company currently stands and where it expects to be in the near future. Nature Essay? This information helps you determine how much financing your business needs and professional reading, helps outsiders determine whether lending you money or investing in your business is a wise use of yo essay, their funds. Lenders and investors will expect that you have invested your own money in the firm to demonstrate that you are committed to your idea and reading, confident that your business will succeed. An Essay? The amount of your own money you will need to have invested in reading, the business compared to the amount you want to finance varies, but it usually ranges from 20% to 50%. You must also determine what type of financing would be most suitable for with thesis your business.

Banks offer several types of reading, loans to businesses that do not present too much risk. Do you need a short-term working capital loan to increase your inventory? Do you want a transaction loan, where you receive all the smart ways to conclude money at once, or a line of credit, where you draw on funds as you need them? Do you need an intermediate-term loan to purchase larger assets such as real estate or equipment? Would you prefer revolving credit, which has a longer time frame than a line of credit and allows you to professional, re-borrow funds that you have previously paid back? Or are you a high-risk business that needs to jump through the essay structure thesis extra hoops required to secure a government-backed Small Business Administration loan? (See Expanding Your Small Business with an SBA Loan .) Structuring Your Financial Plan. Begin your financial plan with information on where your firm stands financially at proof reading the end of the most recent quarter what its financial situation has looked like historically.

Then lay out your goals with financial projections for the next three to five years, depending on what lenders or investors have asked for. These are called pro forma statements, and they are based on your assumptions about how your business will perform. Your one-year projections should be broken down by writing, month, while your more distant projections can be broken down by professional proof, year. If your business plan is for the expansion of an existing business, your statements will be based on your business's existing financial data. Assignment Of Commercial? If your business is new, your statements will be speculative, but you can make them realistic by basing them on the published financial statements of existing businesses similar to yours. If you can’t find this data on your own or if it simply doesn’t exist because your business concept is too unique or all similar companies are privately held, look for an accountant who has experience working with businesses similar to yours and can help you create realistic financial projections. Three Key Financial Statements.

Your financial plan should include three key financial statements: the professional proof income statement, the balance sheet and the cash flow statement. Writing? Let's look at what each statement is and why you need it. The income statement, also called the profit and loss statement or PL, summarizes your company's revenue and expenses. Revenues are your company's sales and/or other sources of professional reading, income (for example, a cleaning business earns revenues from the hourly or per-room or per-home fee that it charges its clients; a grocery store earns revenue from the foods and writing assignments, other products and services it sells. Expenses include items such as the cost of goods sold (the money you spend buying produce, meat and professional proof, dairy from narrative essay, local farmers, for example) payroll for employees, payroll, sales and income taxes, business insurance and loan interest. The bottom line of the income statement shows the company's net income, or its revenue minus expenses.

Lenders and investors want to know what kind of numbers your company is working with and whether your company is professional proof profitable or expects to be soon. (To learn more, read Understanding The Income Statement .) Balance Sheet. The balance sheet shows your company's assets and liabilities. It's called a balance sheet because the assets must perfectly balance the liabilities. Within each category are numerous subcategories. For example, your assets will include cash, accounts receivable, inventory and equipment.

Your liabilities will include accounts payable, wages and narrative, salaries, taxes, rent and utilities, and loan balances. The balance sheet is important because it shows the company's financial position at professional reading a specific point in time, and it compares what you own to homework help online, what you owe. (For more information, see Reading The Balance Sheet .) Cash Flow Statement/Cash Budget. The cash flow statement shows the sums you expect to reading, be coming into essay structure with, and going out of proof, your business in yo essay, a given time frame. Topics you'll need to examine to predict cash flow include sales forecasts, cash receipts vs. credit receipts and the time frame for collecting accounts receivable. How much will these expenses be, and how often will you need to pay them? Will you have trade credit, and how long will you have to pay your suppliers? Cash flow statements not only show potential investors that you know what you're doing, they also help you to make sure your business model is financially viable and to establish goals that you want to achieve. (For more on this subject, check out What Is A Cash Flow Statement? and The Essentials Of Cash Flow .) Your financial statements should show both a long- and short-term vision for your business.

In business plans, three-year and five-year projections are considered long term, and your plan will be expected to cover at least three years. Your projections should be neither overly optimistic best-case scenarios, nor overly cautious worst-case scenarios, but realistic in-between projections that you can support. Don’t commit the common error of professional reading, making hockey-stick projections that predict sudden, sharp growth – that’s a classic way to look like an amateur. (For further reading, see What You Need To Know About Financial Statements and our in-depth Financial Statements Tutorial .) Lenders may want your statements presented in online, a certain way, so ask before you draw them up. A bank, for example, may want to professional proof, see monthly projections for the first year, quarterly projections for the second year and annual projections for the third year. School Homework Online? In addition to professional proof reading, financial statements for your company, if you are a new business, you may need to essay structure thesis, provide personal financial statements for each owner. Proof Reading? These statements should list each owner’s assets, such as checking and lease, savings account balances, stocks and bonds, retirement account balances and home equity, as well as liabilities such as mortgages, student loans, taxes owed and other debts. When you put together your financial statements, make sure there are absolutely no typos or mistakes in your calculations.

If you are inexperienced in preparing these statements, hire an accountant to help you. Professional Reading? Even if you and all of your business partners know exactly what you are doing, you may still want to nature essay, hire an unbiased, outside professional to check your work and give you a second opinion on whether your projects are realistic. You don't want to be blindsided by mistakes or problems in your financial statements when a potential lender or investor reviews your proposal. Professional Proof? What You Can Learn from Your Financial Statements. While the financial statements are helpful in and of themselves, the data they contain can also be used to calculate financial ratios such as gross profit margin, return on investment and school help online, return on owner's equity. Ratios provide helpful information about a company's liquidity, profitability, debt, operating performance, cash flow and investment valuation. (Learn more about professional reading financial ratios in our Financial Ratio Tutorial .) Additional Financial Information. Assignments? In addition to professional proof reading, financial statements, prospective lenders or investors will also want to see a sales forecast and, if your business will have employees, a personnel plan. The sales forecast is a chart that breaks down how much your business expects to sell in various categories by month (for the next year) and by help online, year (for the following two to four years).

For a cleaning service business, the proof sales forecast might list one-time cleanings, monthly cleaning contracts and annual cleaning contracts and further break those down by houses, condos, apartment units, entire apartment buildings and office buildings. For a grocery store, the sales forecast might list projected sales of to conclude an essay, fruits, vegetables, dairy, meat, seafood, packaged goods and hot prepared meals. Professional? If your business sells a product, your sales forecast should include the structure with cost of goods sold. Reading? If your business will have employees and not just managers, you will need a personnel plan showing what types of employees you will have (for example, cashiers, butchers, drivers, stockers and smart, cooks along with what they will cost in terms of salary and wages, health insurance, retirement plan contributions, workers compensation insurance, unemployment insurance, and Social Security and reading, Medicare taxes. Use of Loan or Investment Capital. You’ve made a strong case for your business idea, its viability and your ability to execute it. Structure? So how, exactly, do you plan to proof reading, use any money that lenders or investors offer you? They’ll want to scaffolding assignments, know. If you’re requesting a $100,000 loan, for example, you might break that down into the amount that will go toward equipment such as cash registers, shelving and proof reading, refrigerated display cases; purchasing inventory; and carrying out your marketing campaign. If you’re seeking capital to expand your business, you might show how much you plan to spend on remodeling or adding store locations.

Proposed Repayment Schedule or Exit Strategy. Potential lenders will want to know how and structure thesis, when you intend to repay the professional proof reading loan or line of credit, so you should put together a proposed repayment schedule and terms. They may not agree with your suggestion, but offering proposed terms shows that you are considering the loan from the lender's perspective. Also describe what collateral is yo essay available to secure the loan, such as inventory, accounts receivable, real estate, vehicles or equipment. Proof? Be aware that lenders do not count the school help online full value of reading, your collateral, and each lender may count a different percentage. Potential investors will want to know when their investment will pay off and how much of homework help online, a return to expect. Professional? They will also want to ways to conclude, see that you have an exit strategy to cash out on your investment and professional proof reading, theirs.

Do you plan to sell the business outright to another individual or company? Hold an initial public offering and writing, go public? What will your exit strategy be if the business is failing? At what point have you determined that you will cut your losses and sell or close down, and how will you repay investors if this happens? (See Top Exit Strategy Tips for Small Businesses and professional proof reading, A Look At Exit Strategies .) Remember, no one has to homework help, lend you any money or invest in your company, and when they are considering doing so, they will be comparing the reading risk and return of assignment of commercial, working with you to professional, the risk and return they could get from lending to or investing in other companies.

You have to assignment lease, convince them that your business is the most promising option.

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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. How to Get the Applicant Tracking System to Pick Your Resume. The entire process of reviewing and evaluating resumes is evolving fast. If you’re a job seeker today, you must adapt to the new reality of candidate screening if you hope to professional proof reading move past resume screening software and onto the interview. Here is a guide by our own Elizabeth Magill. These software applications are called many things — applicant tracking systems (ATS), resume screening software, resume robots, soulless automated resume rejecters, etc. But whatever you prefer to call them, it behooves you to writing learn to speak their “language” fluently in order to make your resume stand out enough to even be glimpsed by human eyes. History of Applicant Tracking Systems. Old resume tracking systems weren’t nearly as sophisticated as modern versions.

In the past, you could simply employ critical key words (and tons of articles were written with the goal of advising you on how to proof reading do this) at various points in your resume in order to smart ways an essay attract attention and be recognized as a potential star hire worth interviewing. Unfortunately, many people in the past went overboard with the proof, resume keyword stuffing process and narrative essay, created resumes that were pure nonsense. Considering that human eyes will eventually view the resume (if you’re lucky), this is reading a bad idea and one that shouldn’t be considered in an effort to game the system. This “Resume Writing for Robots: How to Get Past Resume Screening Software and Applicant Tracking Systems to Get That Interview” guide will help you understand why it’s so important to of commercial lease appease the resume screeners. You’ll also find valuable easy-to-implement tips and insights on what you can do to make the reading, applicant tracking system zero in on your application. It’s better to simply learn how to write resumes with both resume robots and human readers in mind. Of Commercial? After all, your resume needs to move past both in order for you to land that all important big interview. Before getting into practical tips to get past resume filtering software, though, it’s helpful to learn a little bit about how and why they evolved. Why Applicant Screening Software Evolved.

The prevalence of professional proof reading applicant tracking systems has grown substantially since the yo essay, time of the great recession. Companies advertising open positions often have hundreds, if not thousands, of applications to sift through in order to professional proof reading find a few “cream of the crop” candidates to interview for the job. Jobs continue to attract far more applicants than busy hiring departments have the yo essay, time to professional proof reading interview. It’s often too much for any one person — or even a small group of HR staff members — to deal with on their own. That’s how these resume robot programs came into existence for the most part — as an aid to yo essay overwhelmed hiring managers. How Widespread are Resume Screening Programs Among Employers? The Wall Street Journal reports that resume screening software use is widespread among larger companies to the tune of the “high 90 percent range.” It indicates that finding a Fortune 500 company that doesn’t employ application tracking systems would be exceptionally rare today. How Great Candidates Are Missed by professional proof reading Resume Screening Robots. Many highly-qualified candidates are rejected by ATS because they fail to write their resume for the resume screening software. This is a significant flaw in the design of applicant tracking systems, reports CIO.

Businesses continue to use these tracking programs, despite the flaws, because they make hiring easier on hiring personnel and recruiters. While this practice of electronically screening resumes saves time for busy HR executives, it also means that many highly qualified candidates are slipping through the cracks because they didn’t use specific language or, in some cases, formatting on their resumes. Don’t let this happen to you! For job seekers in yo essay today’s era, it’s imperative to learn how to move past the algorithms. This means that job seekers must become more creative in professional order to make the right impression on assignment, both the proof, robots that initially scan your resumes AND the people who will ultimately read them and yo essay, need to be impressed enough to professional invite you to interview.

The bottom line is that applicants must learn how to optimize resumes to smart an essay make it through the screening process so you can ultimately get the job you seek. How Do the proof, Resume Screening Robots Work? Before you can figure out how to craft a resume that wows the with thesis, robot , it’s helpful to reading first learn what the scaffolding writing assignments, robot is looking for. Lifehacker explains that the system is actually quite simple, despite all the complexities involved. First, the software removes all formatting from the resume and scans for proof reading, specific recognized keywords and key phrases.

Next, it sorts the content of your resume into yo essay individual categories: Then, the reading, employer’s list of desired skills and keywords are matched against the results of the resume to determine your potential value to the organization. Resumes with the highest scores relevant to the employer’s specified keywords and phrases combined with your years of nature essay experience will be moved up for further review. In the professional, end, the software simply scores the resume in order to determine which candidates are most qualified to move up the ladder for an actual human within the smart to conclude an essay, organization to review. Tips on Getting Your Resume Seen by Human Eyes. While the proof reading, concept of getting past applicant tracking software sounds simple on paper, it can be a challenge to those who haven’t mastered the art of writing resumes with these applicant tracking systems in mind.

Implement the following practical checklist of tips to keep your resume out school homework help of the infamous online resume black hole. Nix the proof reading, headers in your resume. According to Time , headers and footers jam the algorithms. Mirror wording from the actual job description in scaffolding writing assignments your resume. Yes, this means that you may need a custom resume for every job. While you do not want a word-for-word match of the job description, if a nurse job description calls for someone with triage experience or primary care experience, for example, be sure that your resume contains those keywords. Similarly, if the job description asks for specific software experience, include your experience with that software. Nail your keywords.

There is proof reading lingo in structure thesis every profession. Reading? Whether it’s software, skills, certifications, licenses, responsibilities, or even procedures, there are words that matter in your profession that need to be included in your resume. Here are a few tips for thesis, getting the right combination of keywords and phrases into your resume. Use acronyms and spelled out professional form of titles, professional organizations, certifications, and other industry lingo, etc. If you have experience in electronic medical records, include the acronym EMR as well, for example.

You have no idea which keyword the robots are scanning for. Using both allows you to be covered either way. Repeat important keywords related to your skills two or three times in the resume, or more depending on writing, the length of professional your resume. Do not stuff keywords in your resume, however. Not only are the new scanners savvy to this tactic, but it’s a real turn-off to nature narrative the people who actually read resumes if your resume does get past the scanner process. Discuss keywords with an insider , Lifehacker suggests. Sometimes, going straight to the source helps. Professional Reading? Look for structure, an employer or HR manager in your field and professional proof, ask them what skills or levels of experience they’re looking for in their candidates. Give job-related keywords depth within your resume.

You don’t want them listed in one single section of your resume if possible. Sprinkle them throughout your resume, instead. Dive deeper into your keywords. For instance, when discussing skills you have, include the basic skills, but don’t forget to smart ways dive deeper to mention specific and proof, advanced skills. Some programs are looking for both the basic and advanced skills so include them both. Go in depth and discuss all the smart ways an essay, relevant skills. Use bullets rather than paragraphs to describe your work. Not only professional are bulleted lists easier for human eyes to read, but they are also easier for screeners to navigate than long paragraphs describing work history and responsibilities.

Take advantage of cloud services when writing your resume. IT World suggests you use services like Wordle and TagCrowd to help you determine the an essay, right keywords to use in your resume. These services are simple to professional reading use: Just copy and paste the job description into the generators and the software will tell you which keywords are important to school include in professional reading your resume. Avoid creative wording and descriptions. Screening robots are like Joe Friday. They only smart an essay want the facts.

More importantly, they only want specific facts, in this case, keywords and professional proof reading, key phrases, and they aren’t interested in alternative phrasing. Use the yo essay, company website for keyword guidance. Employer websites offer a lot of information on company culture and what they value in their employees. Even lifestyle information can be important to include on your resume. Include your address. Many programs will kick your resume to the curb without a postal address. Locations may even be included as keywords in the screening process. Just make sure you don’t only include it in the header or footer, which most algorithms ignore completely. Replace the reading, career objective section with a bulleted qualifications summary. It’s an easy way to yo essay work relevant keywords into the resume without appearing to be using “stuffing” tactics and it eliminates a section that is superfluous and unnecessary.

Don’t use graphics, logos, or tables in professional proof your resume. Essentially, resumes embedded with fancy graphics, images, tables, and logos confound and choke resume filtering software. Confounded robots reject resumes. Aside from the fact that graphics and logos on resumes aren’t entirely professional (unless perhaps you’re a graphics designer or similar), the likelihood of rejection should be sufficient deterrent to yo essay avoid them. Choose your font wisely. Use sans-serif fonts — like Verdana or Tahoma — instead of reading serif fonts like Times New Roman or Cambria that some screening software will actually reject, as Lifehacker recommends. Avoid script fonts completely. Also pay attention to font size and avoid using anything smaller than 11 point font, according to Business Insider. Use social media to your advantage. Go to the company’s LinkedIn page and check out their employees. Look at the descriptions of assignment lease their jobs as well as the professional reading, company’s description.

If you have similar skills and essay with, qualifications, list them on your resume. Submit resumes in text format rather than PDFs or MS Word. Word causes all manner of parsing errors and PDFs have caused problems in the past with application tracking systems. It’s wiser to stick with text, which has no known parsing problems with screening software. Don’t place dates before work experience on your resume. While this may look better, it confounds the robots. Instead, begin with the name of the employer.

Move on to your professional title and professional, the date range. School Help? Don’t forget to include all titles you held at your employer and the dates you held the titles. Dare to go long on your resume. Professional Proof Reading? Once upon a time it was poor form to create a resume that was longer than one or two pages. The new normal is to create longer resumes that allow you to include the keywords you need to get noticed. To complicate things, while writing your resume to make it past the robots, it’s important to essay with remember that the hope is that it gets read by a real flesh and blood person.

For that person, you will first need to reading have crafted a resume that is entirely readable and yo essay, coherent, that is free of resume errors (Read Big Interview’s post on 13 Resume Mistakes that Make Your Resume Look Dumb ). You will also need to back up all the claims you’ve made in your resume. Professional Proof? In other words, you must not exaggerate your capabilities in order to appease the robot gatekeepers. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t mention a course you took at a high-profile university. Even if you didn’t get your degree from homework that school, the fact that you completed coursework at a school that may rank higher within the algorithm is still resume-worthy information that makes you a more interesting candidate to the software and the person who may someday sit in on your interview. Caveat! Don’t attempt to game the system. Businesses invest a lot of money into their applicant tracking systems, sometimes to the tune of millions of dollars. Attempting to include “white words” to get in more keywords and keyword stuffing are maneuvers recognized by these systems consistently. Sneaky resume tactics can cause the resume-filtering software to proof reading move the resume that employs them to the bottom of the electronic search pile — or even worse, reject it!

In order to yo essay get hired, you’re going to want to get comfortable with the resume screening robots. As a job seeker, there is professional proof reading more competition for a single job than ever before – largely due to homework help online the technology that makes it so easy for companies to post their job openings to proof reading a mass audience. Writing Assignments? This means that you’re competing with a much larger field of candidates. Considering, though, that only 25 percent make it through the initial electronic resume screening process, the good news is professional proof reading that your odds of standing out remain high — as long as you adopt resume writing tactics that will help you move past the essay, resume screening process to make it into the hands of real people on the other side. These practical tips will help you get your resume seen by the hiring managers. And once you do, be sure to professional reading consider interview coaching for the fastest way to turn your interview into a job. Smart To Conclude? Big Interview provides video lessons, answer helpers, practice drills, and more to help you ace your interview. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at professional proof companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at yo essay organizations from American Express to the City of New York. Proof Reading? She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association.

75 Comment to How to Get the Applicant Tracking System to Pick Your Resume. I absolutely agree with what you’ve said. I do my best with the resume and pray to God when I apply for a job. Smart? He is the professional, One who wills that I get the job or not. He’s still got the whole world in His hands! Very insightful! Totally appreciate your expert advice, as it’s just what I was looking for!! I will implement the many changes I clearly need to make to my CV right away. Fingers crossed…

Headers and Footers are formatting which you can add to the top/bottom of homework help online every page. Proof Reading? Adding page numbers in Word creates a footer….so I guess we should remove those! You blog is narrative essay really very good. It has cultivated a new sense of inspiration in me to start a setup of my own. I just love the professional proof reading, way you described everything. After reading this blog I think anyone can achieve what they want. I don’t think you should delete them, the human reading your resume might find page numbers useful.

But if you have say, your email and writing assignments, phone number the robot might not see it (so you need to proof reading have them on the main body of the text) This is essay with thesis a very informative article with great things to reading know about how to school homework help online get your resume noticed through social media. Professional Proof Reading? I never knew that there were Resume Screening Robots to screen resumes. You learn something new everyday. I like to learn especially if it’s going to help me in the future.

Once again, great article. This is a great article and anyone looking for a job should read prior to sending out a resume. what a shitty system corporates have invented. I am a fresh graduate with a degree in of commercial engineering, I can’t find a damn job because of this. Professional Proof? On top of it, in now days big companies hire cheap ass indians with masters and experience rather than the kids of this country. It is really sad.

Shame on smart ways, the politician whom they do not improve the system! Great article. Good advice. how about getting a masters and some experience then. “let the best man win” when Europeans pushed and killed these Indians somebody should have done something! One of the most inciteful articles I have read on professional proof, beating the yo essay, system honestly. I am a little bit wiser and much more confident! Thank you Pamela. Rather than blaming Indians, you should focus on why you are an unsuccessful person. Don’t blame others for your failures. Applicant tracking system has become a need of organization’s HR department. It will help you find best potential employees for your organization.

I personally really like applicant tracking software, It helps my organization to professional proof full fill human or manpower needs. I have got really very good employees through this system. probably better than a dumb ass american who made trump his president. Not the same “indians”…. Nature Narrative? I believe he’s talking about professional proof indians from India, not Native Americas… no wonder you dont get hired with such poor culture ! Some companies only accept applications online. I am applying to Via Rail Canada and you just have to send it in and pray they call you back. “Many highly-qualified candidates are rejected by scaffolding assignments ATS because they fail to write their resume for the resume screening software.” …or the proof reading, software is poorly written and not very good at assessing applicants. skills, experience or potential fitness for an advertised job. I take the advice but I think it reflects poorly on business, HR departments and the recruitment industry.

What a wonderfully insightful article! Thank you for all the links, too! Excellent post! Great insights into what many candidates dont even know it exists – these robot gatekeepers! I have a question: you say “no tables” but aren’t Europass tables with invisible lines? They also have their dates on the left of the experience, not right. Thanks a lot for your insight and school help, tips on ATS. Having formatted ones’ resume using your tips above, how can we be sure we are on the right path ? Thus I earnestly suggest most-likely, an online ATS should be installed on your website so that prospective candidates could check their resume before hand, relative to their field of professional proof study, because the ATS dont seem to structure come around handy. I agree completely, I do think it is a poor reflection of the company. Proof? I can certainly understanding automating systems – I have instituted and used them in business. Yo Essay? However, there are some important aspects I think are being neglected.

First, applicants that are over a certain age range are not accustomed to the non-personal interactions. Some of professional us were raised and trained and operated with the values of homework help forward-facing respect, acknowledgement, manners and so on. These systems, and especially the professional reading, responses are offensive. Also, those of essay structure with us who have had long successful career paths have much more “data” that is required to be entered than someone just graduating college. So these systems in a way require us to dumb-down actual representations. Second, I dont believe companies are using their demographic data to appropriately use the filters in these systems.

For instance, if a company (even a larger one) is professional proof reading hiring for a position in a rural area or an area where the demographics likely do not have a large pool with the basic skill sets for the type of position – then they likely do not need so many filters. If you are likely only going to get 10 maybe 15 applications – then why bother with the automated system? In some areas, you’d be lucky to get that many, so be respectful to those who took the time and interest. Furthermore, if the demographics are limiting, the company is likel going to assignment of commercial have to either be creative or adaptive with their hiring and training. Third, if an applicant has been a loyal customer or user of the company’s service and the company makes numerous claims of valuing customers and their commitment to proof reading exceptional customer service – then they really should ot be sending automated rejection emails that offer no real feedback – because that is bad customer service. If these automated sytems the homework, company paid attention to proof reading the data, their own data, then they would know. As much of a focus there seems to be on interaction, connection, and other types of social issues, it seems that this is an essay really only a one-way experience. If you want people to believe in all the mission and values statements and commitments to people and professional proof reading, quality – then the focus should be on any introduction to the company, from any entry point.

It doesn’t reflect well on an applicant, which could then impact the overall trust and belief in the company and thus increase reputation risk and sales/financials. This process of re-entering the workforce has been interesting and homework help online, frustrating. But it has also made me think about what type of research is being done to professional reading study the effectiveness and impact of the growing use of these systems espcially on consumer behavior. Holy crap, no wonder l never hear back from jobs l easily qualify for! Thanks for this, i didn’t know it was so important. Didn’t even know about the damn font type! Nice article but is it still relevant? I hate when these internet bloggers writers don’t put dates on help online, their articles. This article seems to professional have been written in scaffolding early 2013. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and professional reading, JP Morgan Chase.

She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from nature essay American Express to the City of professional New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.

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Simple Software for professional, Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Before you get invited in for an interview, employers and assignment recruiters look at your resume to see if you’re a good enough candidate for professional reading, the job to be worth their time. If your resume doesn’t look good, you don’t look good.

Even if you’re qualified, a silly mistake on your resume can kill your chances. Think of nature narrative essay, your resume as your 60 second audition in front of professional, a judge on one of school homework, those reality TV talent shows. The person reviewing your resume (Britney, Simon, Xtina) will quickly decide whether to give you a shot at the big time or send you packing. Professional Proof Reading! So the golden rule is: Make a good first impression, and don’t look dumb! You can do this by avoiding common mistakes on your resume — the nature, kind that we see even great candidates making. Remember, you only have a few seconds to either make a good first impression or to make a really bad one. 1. Spelling mistakes and professional grammatical errors. A grammar error or misspelling can stand out smart ways like a sore thumb and tell the professional, employer that you’re careless. Luckily, these mistakes are easily avoidable. Spell check, but don’t rely on spell check to school homework, do all of the work for professional, you. I have seen plenty of nature narrative essay, resumes with embarrassing mistakes that spell check didn’t catch — it was a real word, just not the one that the candidate wanted to use in his resume (be careful to never, ever leave that first “L” out of “public relations” in your resume).

Your eyes see what you meant to type instead of what’s really there. An objective reader can make a big difference in helping you catch spelling and grammar problems as well as many of the other mistakes listed in this post. It is proof particularly important to proofread carefully if you are applying for yo essay, jobs that require writing skills and/or attention to detail. For a potential future boss, your resume is your first work sample and professional proof should reflect your ability to write, edit, and proofread if hired. If you’re not sure about a grammar, word usage, capitalization or punctuation issue, just look it up.

Grammar Girl is just one great resource for homework help online, practical application of professional proof, grammar rules. You want your resume to stand out, but there is such a thing as standing out in a bad way. You may think it’s creative to use 6 different fonts and colors, but that kind of creativity tends to just look clumsy. Avoid too many font types and steer clear of font sizes that are too big or too small. Big fonts make you look like you are SHOUTING (and can also indicate that you don’t have enough good content to fill a resume with normal-size text). Small fonts may help you keep your resume to one page, but it’s not worth it if the reader has to school help online, squint. You should also avoid long paragraphs and long blocks of text. Reading! Most people scan resumes very quickly and often skip over long paragraphs and miss key information. Use white space and bullets to make your resume format easy on the eye. Use of bullets can also ensure better reader comprehension when visually scanned. Leave comfortable margins on school homework help online the page and make sure that everything is professional proof reading neatly aligned.

Look neat. Look smart. Also, keep in mind that there’s a good chance you resume will be scanned electronically as more and more companies use special software to index resumes. If you’re using wacky fonts, the software may not pick up important keywords and your resume could get tossed undeservedly. Your resume is meant to be a marketing document — an school homework online introduction that will get you in the door for an interview. This isn’t the time to professional, “think outside the box” and design a glossy, hot pink, legal-sized resume with clip art and with glitter. There are better ways to demonstrate your creativity. Save the arts and crafts for Pinterest.

Also, avoid using weird colors, weird formats or weird paper stock. Your resume should be simple and professional elegant. Go minimalist and let the words speak for themselves. If you’re presenting a hard copy of your resume in person, make sure it doesn’t look like it was just pulled out of the of commercial, trash can (or it’s very likely to end up back in the circular file). After all, you wouldn’t go to an interview wearing a dingy shirt or a hideous tie so don’t hand out a wrinkled, smudged, or coffee-stained resume. When you bring your resume to an interview, carry it in professional reading a folder to keep it crisp and fresh. In general, try to writing, keep your resume to 1-2 pages in professional proof length. Recent graduates should aim to stick to one page while more experienced candidates can get away with using more space. If you’re still short on essay structure with work experience and are having difficulty filling a page, think about listing relevant school coursework and extracurricular activities. Professional Reading! Include volunteer work and the contributions you’ve made in that arena. You’ll also have space to list pertinent skills — including your prowess with different software programs and other tactical skills that apply to the job (review the narrative, job description and use the employer’s language).

As you develop in your career and reading add more jobs to your resume, you won’t have space for writing, these “extras.” However, during the early days of your career, this information can help a potential employer see your potential. Remember to use common sense here: No need to proof reading, mention your collection of writing assignments, Twilight memorabilia or that you were runner-up in the 2010 SpongeBob look-alike competition. Even if you’ve been working for many years, you should try to proof, keep your resume to 2 pages if possible. There are exceptions — CVs for yo essay, academic positions and some other roles tend to be longer and more detailed. (I know this first-hand since I just reviewed a 79-page resume from very accomplished academic client). However, keep in mind that employers are always going to be most interested in the jobs that you’ve held recently. Use your space wisely to share more details about professional proof reading, your most current and relevant work experience and edit down the descriptions of scaffolding, your earlier jobs to proof reading, the bare necessities. As your resume gets longer, you may even be able to drop early positions that have little to do with your current career path. School Homework! Formatting can also help you reduce your page count — just don’t get too creative (see Mistake 2 above).

If you lie on your resume, you’re taking a big risk. First of all, you’re very likely to get busted during the background and reading reference checks. Even if you get lucky and essay structure make it through the hiring process, dishonesty on your resume can get you fired down the road — even if you’ve been doing a great job. Just ask former Yahoo! CEO Scott Thompson. If you haven’t yet graduated from college, for example, put down the name of the school you’re attending and state your expected graduation date. Don’t say you’ve graduated if you haven’t. Another common fib is reading with languages.

Many people list under “skills” that they can speak a foreign language (or two…or four), when in fact they can only string a few sentences together. Don’t think you won’t eventually be found out – you will. And trust me, it’s tough to learn Japanese in a weekend. One of the assignments, main things that employers focus on is how long you worked at your previous jobs. They are going to be scanning for dates and zeroing in on short tenures and long gaps between positions.

Make sure to put down, for each job, the date that you started working and the date that you left (month and professional year is sufficient). You’re not fooling anybody by leaving these out an essay if they don’t make you look good. Professional Proof! A lack of dates will read as an attempt to lease, hide something. If you have gaps in your resume, you can read our article on dealing with resume gaps. Proof the dates carefully. It’s easy to overlook mistakes when it comes to numbers. You don’t want your resume to say “May 2020” instead of “May 2010.” This may sound silly, but it happens more often you might think: people forget to professional, update their resumes to include their most recent contact information. If you’ve moved or changed phone numbers, make sure that your phone number, address and e-mail information is up to date.

If you don’t, you could be waiting for a call or a message that you’ll never receive. Also, make sure you have a professional sounding email address. School Homework Help Online! If your name is John Smith, using the address “stonerjohn69@gmail.com” (which you hilariously created in 2005) is reading not a good idea. It’s always better to scaffolding writing, create a new email address that’s somewhat professional. Even if you can’t get [yourname] @gmail.com – at least get something neutral sounding (like jsmith92 or smithjohn11 ). Also, don’t get an address that’s too long and weird (like john34A5mith2@gmail.com) . It’s too easy for a typo to happen when someone is emailing you – and it’ll drive people crazy.

If you want to professional, include an objective in essay your resume, make sure that it’s as tailored as possible to proof reading, the job that you’re applying for. Avoid vague statements like: Looking to apply my skills and experience in a fast-paced, challenging environment. It will catch your reader’s eye much more if your objective clearly matches the job description. For example, [Looking for a mid-level marketing position at a premiere/reputable/growing fashion/advertising firm.] You should also think about yo essay, whether including an objective statement is proof really the best use of that prime real estate at the top of online, your resume. In most cases, we recommend using a Professional Summary instead of an Objective. However, an objective statement can be useful for some candidates — new grads with resumes that don’t otherwise convey career goals in a clear way and career changers who are seeking a position that’s not an obvious next step. Your resume should be focused, concise and emphasize achievements and skills that fit the job you’re applying for.

If you are applying for a sales position, for example, you should emphasize targets that you’ve met in reading prior jobs. Including percentages and numbers can be useful. For example, [“Increased _______ by 25% in Store XYZ” or “Reduced operations backlog by help online 50% for the fiscal year in 2009.”] Think about how best to present your experience and skills in a way that would impress your potential employer. This probably means customizing your resume for each position, especially if you are considering more than one type of opportunity. Carefully review the job description and then take the proof, time to assignments, tailor your resume to emphasize the strengths and professional proof experience that are most relevant for the position. 11. Including “red flag” information. Your goal is to scaffolding writing, land an interview by professional reading giving the employer a compelling overview of the job skills and experience that make you a good candidate. Don’t sabotage your chances by including information that could raise concerns. Don’t list things like “left previous role because of internal political issues” or “I took this job because it was close to home.” There will be time to discuss your reasons for leaving and taking positions in the interview.

By then, you will have used Big Interview to prepare and structure thesis practice so that you can discuss your reasons in a positive and professional way. You want your employer to know what you did in professional your previous jobs, but you don’t need to include the kitchen sink. Describe your job duties in enough detail to give the nature essay, employer a good idea of your general responsibilities. Leave out unnecessary or minute details that won’t lift you up as a candidate. More importantly: Highlight your job achievements. Use bullet-points to help the professional proof, reader focus in on lease your accomplishments. Too many candidates make the proof, mistake of including a detailed job description instead of yo essay, emphasizing individual contributions. Rather than just listing your job duties, which can be passive and boring, use action verbs that imply you actively got things done.

Here are some good examples: Led, Created, Delivered, Managed, Implemented, Increased, Achieved, Organized, etc. The thesaurus can be your friend if you find you are overusing certain words on professional your resume. Just don’t get too crazy trying to assignment of commercial, impress them with your awesome vocabulary — you want them to actually understand what you did (skip “confabulate” and “propagage” and other Word-of-the Day entries). Your resume is your first face forward to the employer, so it’s very important that you take the time to professional reading, to make sure it looks great and is an accurate and powerful representation of your qualifications. Nature! Common mistakes (even the seemingly little ones) can kill your chances of getting an professional proof interview. When it comes to writing assignments, your resume, you really can’t be too perfect. Humor: If you’re in the mood, here’s Resume Richard offering you his “solid” advice on making your resume stick out. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. Proof Reading! As an ways interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and professional reading JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and ways an essay advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. Professional Proof Reading! She is an adjunct professor at school online New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association.

55 Comment to 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Can I put smart art in my resume? Great advice, thank you! Thanks, this was helpful! What is better one column format or two column format in resume? Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from proof, American Express to the City of New York.

She is an adjunct professor at New York University and yo essay an instructor at professional reading the American Management Association. Writing Assignments! Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and professional other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion.

Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of nature, man in response to certain felt needs of men. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the proof reading social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. Ways To Conclude! It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the professional proof reading earliest times has been incurably religious.

Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Assignments! Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’.

The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. Reading! The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of yo essay, faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation. Professional Proof Reading! By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter.

Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and of commercial control the course of nature and of human life”. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on reading, external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and with thesis the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of proof, worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and objects, governed by yo essay faith rather than by professional reading knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and essay beyond the controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and professional reading some higher power.” As Gillin and scaffolding assignments Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.”

Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Proof! Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of preserving the yo essay values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and professional reading attitudes towards mysterious and scaffolding assignments perplexities of life.

According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of proof, them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers.

These powers are believed to essay influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of proof reading, religion. These constitute the heart of the religion. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses.

Sacred things are symbols. They symbolize the things of the lease unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. Reading! It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of scaffolding assignments, reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. Professional! It is smart ways to conclude an essay believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles.

The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. If the behaviour is not in accordance with the professional proof reading religions code, the behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the homework help bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana.

The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about professional proof reading, supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean.

Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for help survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to reading the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to nature forget the suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning. 2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and professional proof norms. Assignments! It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour.

Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to professional reading group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. By distinguishing between holy and essay with thesis unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for proof reading the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society.

Religion performs its function of integration through social control. It regulates the conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by essay prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of professional proof reading, social cohesion. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Yo Essay! Religion is the proof foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon scaffolding writing, his wants and desires.

All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of professional proof reading, Social Control: It is one of the means of informal means of social control. Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them.

It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Scaffolding! Help and assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to professional the helpless and needy persons. In this way religion promotes the welfare of yo essay, individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture.

The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the professional proof roots of observation and experimentation from which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of ways to conclude an essay, charity among the professional reading people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and narrative essay Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in times of his suffering and disappointment.

In this world man often suffers disappointment even in proof reading, the midst of essay with thesis, all hopes and achievements. The things for proof reading which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of writing, condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and professional proof reading sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to nature narrative essay bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled.

Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. Proof Reading! All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and essay family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the professional proof emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the scaffolding writing kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and professional proof dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and smart ways to conclude so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and professional proof reading with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class.

For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to support rulers, contacts and help other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Professional Reading! Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. Smart Ways To Conclude! O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes:

According to Thomas F. Professional Proof! O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to assignments the welfare of the society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative. Protests and professional conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Essay Structure Thesis! Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms.

2. Professional Proof Reading! Hampers the ways to conclude an essay Adaptation of Society to proof Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from structure with religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of proof, money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Narrative! Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Proof Reading! Similar social conflict is essay structure with thesis evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an professional proof, ability in them to assume individual responsibility.

For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the essay structure advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in professional proof, the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. Religion preaches submission to yo essay the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the professional proof sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of yo essay, soulless conditions.

It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. Religion is the source of many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to professional human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the yo essay desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines. Professional Proof! It is deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and assignment Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and reading ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people.

It creates a gap among them. In the name of yo essay, God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to professional proof social change and progress. 12.

Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from to conclude discovering new facts. For example, it tried to reading suppress the school help online doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. They think that all events in life is due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion.

For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the professional proof economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to essay structure with be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to professional merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world.

Man is the world of man, the state, and ways an essay society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the fantastic realization of the professional human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in the form of worship, he takes from himself. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the essay structure thesis economic forms of existence. The abolition of religion as the reading “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”.

Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of assignment of commercial lease, politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of professional proof reading, law and the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major.

Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for help change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of professional proof, complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies. Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and scaffolding expensive, and professional proof reading also beyond the common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of ways, more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is of Sophism.

It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of reading, their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and nature narrative essay Suphism. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from professional proof reading small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the yo essay character of proof reading, influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of assignment, life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions.

As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. Professional Reading! It means that religious beliefs and nature essay practices have tended to decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on social values. It has tried to professional reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge.

As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to nature essay organise. Professional! The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from help simple repudiation of religion and professional reading the rise of smart ways to conclude, rationalism. However, the process of secularisation has affected the professional domination of religious institutions and symbols. The process of secularisation was started in assignment of commercial, India during the reading British rule. But the process of smart ways an essay, secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in professional proof reading, the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in assignments, India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in professional reading, religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to essay structure with secular way of proof, life.

But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and yo essay Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed. But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and professional proof cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the writing assignments primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and professional music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to assignment of commercial lease civil and professional proof reading other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance.

This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an assignment lease, ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the proof reading domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional.

Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the scaffolding development of reading, physical, biological and social sciences. Help Online! He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of reading, its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways. Assignment! Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the professional proof word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary.

But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the nature narrative State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an proof, area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of yo essay, worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind.

In contrast, the professional proof reading non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from nature its standard use in the English language. It is held that India is professional proof reading not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and writing assignments commonly agreed referents for the world in proof, the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. School Online! Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India.

The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. Reading! This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of essay structure, practice of any religion by professional any citizen. Besides, the State is not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in nature, the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of neutrality).

Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of proof reading, references. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to with religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to reading compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to writing assignments the American way of life. Professional Reading! It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism.

There are other aspects of secularism. Of Commercial Lease! Secularism is related to rationalism and professional proof reading empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the yo essay process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the need to reading secularise the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of lease, theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of proof, changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by religious beliefs.

People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and smart their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of proof reading, consciousness’. Berger argues that the assignment of commercial lease ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality.

Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. It is based on testing of professional proof, arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and yo essay objectively measured. Religion is based on faith. Professional Proof Reading! Its claim to truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. Yo Essay! It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies.

Like modernisation, this process is good and desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is professional reading both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: