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A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a mobile DJ business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample mobile DJ business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a mobile DJ business. Creative Autumn! We also took it further by analyzing and war, drafting a sample mobile DJ marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for mobile DJ businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Music is one thing that brings delight to the heart of people and that is exactly why there are a lot of DJs doing their thing and making people really happy.
The disc jockey business has existed from time immemorial and it is such that have continued to rake in money to those who know how to play the creative, business game. If you think that starting a DJ business sounds good, then you will need to write a business plan. Business plans have always served as a good guide for beginners in business, as well as the literary theory essay, old entrepreneurs. Creative! Why a business plan, you just might ask? Writing a business plan is one of the most important tasks that you will ever take on as you look at starting a business of this sort. Literature In A! This is because it will serve as a decision maker because you will need to draw up a whole lot about your business. You will however need to be conversant with a lot of technicalities that is creative autumn, peculiar to the DJ trade. You will have to undertake some research. After that is done, you will have to go for some good training on the job. A thorough and exhaustive research is advised. Here below is a sample disc jockey business plan; A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template.
The disc jockey line of business is one business that can safely pass for a sole enterprise or a small scale business. It is a business that has come to stay in our world as long as we will continue to have parties or the school kids on martin luther jr, need to autumn, play music to essay biography on michael, a large gathering of people or a public gathering. Basically, a disc jockey which is popularly called a DJ is creative, a person who mixes recorded music in woodstock term paper, real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. Autumn Essays! So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and in a report, distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at creative autumn least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Paper! It is creative, a known fact that Disc Jockeys are a well- accepted component of the entertainment industry. Literary Essay! They are known to provide background music at, night clubs, bars, and parties and even in creative, corporate events. In most cases at special occasions like weddings or in clubs, Disc Jockeys are often the focus of the event entertainment and woodstock, if they perform below expectation it will definitely affect the overall rating of the event. The demand for the services of disc jockeys is on the increase in recent time, as growth in household formation rates expanded the available clientele base for industry players and rising per capita disposable income.
As the economy improved and small-business lending increased, the autumn essays, number of woodstock paper, operators in this industry experienced steady increase. As a result of this, the competition in the industry is extremely high, leading profit to only improve marginally over the period, despite noticeably improved economic conditions. Creative Autumn! The Disc Jockey and Musical Equipment Rental line of business is a subset of the Entertainment industry and it is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all parts of the world especially in developed countries such as United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France and Italy et al. It is important to woodstock paper, state that no establishment has a lion share of the available market in this industry. Just like any other business venture, the demand for creative essays, Disc Jockey services usually declined during recession period / economic downturn and theory essay, this is due to the declining household spending on entertainment services and reduced demand from business clients. As the economy grows, and essays, income increases, there will be corresponding increase in on michael jackson, the demand for disc jockey services and other related musical equipment / public address rental services. Over and above, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services line of businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and essays, if they know how to reach out to their target market (corporate organizations, event planners, night clubs and bars, schools and household et al). Mobile DJ Business Plan Executive Summary. The name of essay, our organization is Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC.
We are a registered and standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company that is incorporated under the law of the United States of America. Our head office will be located in-between a densely populated residential estate and a business district in the heart of Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We strategically positioned and set to services the whole of the community. Our basic service offering to our highly esteemed customers as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company goes beyond providing background music for our client, we will be involved helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Although our intention of starting Disc Jockey and musical rental services company is to offer only the creative autumn essays, above stated services, but we will not close our doors to diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. In the bid to argument war, maximize our position as the leading Disc Jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Autumn! At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC we are passionate in the pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and school kids essays on martin luther jr, integrity which is why we have decided to autumn, start our own disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business; we are in the industry to make a positive mark. We are quite optimistic that our values and quality of service offering will help us drive our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business to enviable heights and also help us attract the numbers of clients that will make the business highly profitable.
We are a company that will be dedicated to biography on michael jackson, establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and creative, reasons for them to hire our services over and over again. We are in the Disc Jockey line of business cum entertainment Industry to favorably compete with other leading brands in the industry both in the United States and other parts of the world. Review In A! Our corporate business goal is to be among the top 10 disc jockeys and music equipment rental services brand in the United States of America. As a company, we are willing to go the extra mile to invest in some of the finest professionals we can find and creative autumn, also, we have put, process and structures in place that will ensure that we are always at the top of school kids essays, our game when it comes to excellent and DJ services deliveries. We have been able to secure permits from all relevant departments in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We are quite aware that in order to become the autumn, number one choice in our city, we must continue to deliver quality disc jockey services and against essay war, that is creative autumn essays, exactly what we will do. We are open to biography on michael, the use of latest technology in autumn essays, the disc jockey line of business cum musical entertainment industry. No doubt our excellent customer service and detailed DJ services we offer will position us to always welcome repeated customers. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is owned and managed by against argument essay, Sol Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. Creative Autumn! Mike Marvin has well over 10 years of experience as a reliable Disc Jockey working for top bars and night clubs in Las Vegas – Nevada and other key entertainment hubs in the United States of America prior to starting his own Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Literary Essay! Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a standard and well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the entertainment services industry and other complementary services.
We intend giving our customers every reason to always hire our services which is essays, why we have customized our services. Basically, our services will involve us going out to services of essay on michael jackson, clients’ needs. These are the services we will offer as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Sales of autumn essays, mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and consultancy services. Our Vision is to term paper, become the number one disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana with active presence in major cities in the United States of America and Canada. Our mission as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round business which provides quality services in creative autumn essays, our community and to literary theory essay, become a standard for an ideal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business not only in Baton Rouge Louisiana, but also throughout the creative autumn essays, United States of America and Canada where we intend selling our franchise. We are quite aware that the success of any business lies in term paper, the foundation on which the business is built on, which is creative autumn essays, why we have decided to build our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company on the right business foundation. As a matter of fact, we are set out to build a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that will be a standard for the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business in the United States of America and Canada. We want to build a business of paper, dedicated workforce who will go all the way to ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for creative autumn, their money when they hire our services or rent our musical equipment / sound system. In other to essay on michael jackson, achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the right employees and structure to achieve all what we have set to achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and run the business on auto pilot.
The success of our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business will be anchored on the team not on any individual. With the creative autumn essays, wide range of of the revolution, our service offerings and the plan to autumn essays, sell franchise, we are only literature review in a report expected to employ more than it is required to run a conventional disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. Definitely, we will have various employees to man the various services offering of Mickey May DJ® Services, LCC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will employ professionals and skilled people to occupy the following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and Sales Executive Client Service Executive Disc Jockeys (DJs) (6) Truck / Van` Driver. Creative Autumn! Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for against, providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the creative essays, organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. School Kids Essays Luther! leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals and payment of creative autumn essays, salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Responsible for managing the daily activities in the organization Ensure that the facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Defining job positions for the causes of the, recruitment and creative autumn essays, managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for overseeing the argument, smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for creative, the organization Design job descriptions with KPI to drive performance management for review in a report, all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and member of the board) to review the effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Creative Essays! Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs. Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversee the smooth running of the daily activities of organization.
Marketing and Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and essay biography on michael, reach out to new clients, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with organizations’ policy Responsible for autumn essays, handling business research, market surveys and in a, feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and creative, evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and what were of the revolution essay, information Represent Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for essays, Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and theory essay, accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to creative autumn, forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Review In A Report! Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for essays, the organization Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and essay biography on michael, policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC Serves as internal auditor for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to creative essays, build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by against argument essay, the manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products and, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and essays, helpful information is literary, supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al).
Ensures that customers are entertained with the best of music per time Manage the sound system for the nightclub In charge of autumn, music collections Responsible for providing music at theory essay events. Responsible for developing music playlists. Interacting with public at parties. Responsible for mixing music tracks. Responsible for transporting musical equipment, supplies and workers to party venues Run errand for creative autumn, the organization Handle any other duty as assigned by the manager, Mobile DJ Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Disc Jockey and war, musical equipment entertainment services business is one of the many businesses that can easily generate business deals with little stress as long as they are well positioned and creative autumn essays, equipped to carry out their services. We are building a standard disc jockey and musical entertainment services business with variety of services which is literary theory essay, why we have decided to subject our business idea (company) to SWOT Analysis. Essays! Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business without the stress of going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the kind of disc jockey and musical equipment rental business we want to establish, we don’t have any option other than to follow due process.
We hired the services of a HR and Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for theory essay, our company and she did a pretty job for us. Creative Autumn Essays! Here is what the causes, a preview of the creative, result we got from the essay on michael jackson, SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of creative, Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is centrally located in-between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength. Literary Essay! We are also one of the creative, very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of services as it relates to the line of business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and management.
We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of were of the essay, business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a new business which is creative autumn, down by an individual (family), and we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business and also to attract some of the well – experienced hands (DJs) in the entertainment industry. We are centrally located in one of the busiest area in literature report, Baton Rouge – Louisiana and autumn essays, we are open to school essays king jr, all the available opportunities that the creative, city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to be a one stop shop in the disc jockey and musical entertainment rental services line of business. The truth is that there are no standard and well – equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business within the area where ours is going to be located; the literature report, closest to our proposed location is about 6 miles away. In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the threats that are likely going to confront Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and essays, of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where ours is located. Against Argument Essay War! Mobile DJ Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS.
One common trend in creative essays, the disc jockey services industry is that any disc jockey who is worth his or her salt should be swift in following the ever changing technology as it relates to their business. Literature Review In A Report! Basically, a DJ is a person who mixes recorded music in real time from essays any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. What Were American Revolution Essay! Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for creative, later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Against Essay War! Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Another common trend in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey and essays, musical equipment line of business is that in the bid to survive global economic melt – down and to ensure steady flow of literary theory essay, income to effectively run the essays, business, most players in the industry engage in other related services. Some of them even go as far as establishing an event planning services, part rental services, party decoration services and MC services et al simply because they all fall within same line of business. Prior to term, choosing a location for our disc jockey and musical rental services business, we conducted thorough feasibility studies and creative, market survey and we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from woodstock term our service offering are event / party planners, facility managers, corporate organizations, night clubs and bars, hotels, hostels, government and schools et al.
These groups of people and establishment cuts across different sectors of the creative autumn, economy. Below is a list of the people and organizations that our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services are designed for; Event / Party planners Musical producers and on michael, concert organizers The government (government guest) Households Facility managers Restaurants and bars Hotels and Motels Residential areas Camp grounds Lounges Casinos Night club and bars Schools et al. Our Competitive Advantage. Autumn Essays! Disc jockey and musical equipment rental business is an against, easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can start a disc jockey and musical equipment rental business if they have the required startup capital and informal training on how to operate the various musical gadgets. It means that the possibility of disc jockey and musical equipment rental services businesses springing up in the location where ours is located can’t be ruled out. We are aware of this which is why we decided to come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Competition may come to essays, disc jockey and essay jackson, musical equipment rental services from larger catch-all companies who offer entertainment services as part of a bundled program of many more services. In-house DJ services operated by night clubs and creative essays, bars may also serve as competition for this line of business. Our competitive edge is that we are a standard and against war, well – equipped disc jockey and creative autumn essays, musical equipment rental services business that centrally located in between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength.
We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to against war, carry out a wide range of services as it relates to the line of creative, business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and against argument war, management. We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups disc jockey and musical rental services business and other related entertainment businesses in the United States) in the industry. Essays! It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Mobile DJ Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Essay Jackson! The marketing strategy for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is going to autumn, be driven basically by excellent customers service and quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base.
We want to drive sales via the output of our jobs and via referral from our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like disc jockey and musical equipment rental services and related services. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a business that is biography jackson, strategically located and we are going to autumn essays, maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to locate the business in a location that will be visible and were the causes of the american, accessible to our target market. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of creative autumn, Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Essay Biography On Michael! Our goal is to creative, grow Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC to become the theory essay, leading disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in creative autumn essays, Baton Rouge Louisiana which is paper, why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and creative essays, grow to school essays luther jr, become a major force to reckon with in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is essays, set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business by term paper, sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to event / party planners, corporate organizations, households and key stake holders in Baton Rouge – Louisiana.
Print out fliers and business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities and creative essays, train stations et al. What American Essay! Use friends and family to spread word about our business Post information about our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer on creative autumn essays, bulletin boards in review in a, places like schools, libraries, and local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in the newspaper, or local publication about our disc jockey and creative, musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer Leverage on referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in in a, relevant entertainment magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to market our services Engage in direct marketing approach Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients Join local chambers of commerce and creative essays, industry to market our services. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is against essay war, established with the aim of maximizing profits in autumn essays, the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and we are going to go all the way out to ensure that we do all it takes to attract both individual clients and woodstock paper, corporate clients on a regular basis. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will generate income by offering the following services; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Essays! Sales of mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and woodstock term paper, entertainment advisory and consultancy services. One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and individual clients who would need the services of disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. Creative Autumn! We are well positioned to take on the available market in Baton Rouge Louisiana and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of woodstock term, generating enough income / profits from the creative, first six month of operations and paper, grow our disc jockey and essays, musical equipment rental services business and term paper, our clientele base. We have been able to creative, critically examine The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.
The sales projection is the causes revolution essay, based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in creative, Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Below are the sales projection for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, it is based on the location of our business and of course the wide range of related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and review in a report, there won’t be any major competitor offering same additional related services as we do within same location. Please note that the creative autumn essays, above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Argument War! At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our pricing system is going to be based on what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to charge less than our competitors are offering in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to us. The prices of our services will be same as what is obtainable in the open market. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them.
Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Creative! Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer. Mobile DJ Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is were of the revolution essay, set to create a standard for autumn essays, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana and throughout the United States which is why we will go all the way to adopt and apply best practices to what were the causes american revolution, promote our business.
Good enough there is no hard and creative, fast rule on how to advertise or promote a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. The challenge is that most DJs do not have the required money to pump into publicity and advertising. The cash they have will be reserved to take care of overhead and operational cost. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our business in relevant entertainment magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach Engage in woodstock term paper, road show from time to time in target communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Ensure that all our staff members wear our customized clothes, and all our official cars and trucks are customized and well branded. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) In setting up any business, the essays, amount or cost will depend on the approach and what of the american revolution, scale you want to undertake. If you intend to creative autumn, go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of essay, capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and creative autumn, aspirations for against argument, your business.
The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money. We have been able to creative autumn, pull cash that will be enough for us to against argument essay, successfully launch a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. These are the creative essays, key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in Baton Rouge Louisiana $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Literature Review In A Report! Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,000. Creative Autumn! Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $30,800.
Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing a small office facility $70,000. Cost for facility remodeling $30,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and utility deposits ( $3,500 ). Essay Biography On Michael! Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $40,000 The cost for the purchase of office furniture and musical gadgets (Sound system, , speakers, micro phones, headsets, computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, tables and chairs et al) $25,000 The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our grand opening party $1,500 Miscellaneous $10,000. We would need an estimate of $250,000 to successfully launch our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. Generating Funding / Startup Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Creative Essays! Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a business that will be owned and jr, managed by Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. Creative Autumn Essays! They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the against argument essay war, start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from creative autumn friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and literary essay, soft loan from family members $20,000) and creative autumn, we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the luther king, loan has been approved and creative autumn, any moment from literature report now our account will be credited.
Mobile DJ Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from essays a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of starting Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the what were american, business is officially running. We know that one of the creative, ways of essays on martin, gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and creative, we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in biography, place to creative autumn essays, ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and essay on michael jackson, training and re – training of our workforce is at creative essays the top burner.
As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to essay on michael jackson, all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of creative autumn, three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to against argument, help us build the business of our dreams. Creative Autumn! Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of argument essay, Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing office facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the creative, bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and theory essay, Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the autumn, needed musical gadgets and speakers, electronic appliances, office appliances and music recording and mixing accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in essay, the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry and event / party planners et al: In Progress.
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7. Extracting Information from Text. For any given question, it's likely that someone has written the answer down somewhere. Creative Autumn Essays? The amount of natural language text that is available in electronic form is truly staggering, and is increasing every day. However, the essay war, complexity of natural language can make it very difficult to essays access the information in that text. Literature Review? The state of the art in NLP is creative, still a long way from essays on martin luther jr, being able to creative autumn build general-purpose representations of meaning from unrestricted text.
If we instead focus our efforts on a limited set of questions or entity relations, such as where are different facilities located, or who is employed by what company, we can make significant progress. The goal of this chapter is to answer the following questions: How can we build a system that extracts structured data, such as tables, from unstructured text? What are some robust methods for essay biography on michael, identifying the entities and relationships described in a text? Which corpora are appropriate for this work, and how do we use them for training and evaluating our models? Along the way, we'll apply techniques from the last two chapters to creative essays the problems of chunking and named-entity recognition.
If this location data was stored in Python as a list of tuples (entity, relation, entity) , then the question Which organizations operate in Atlanta? could be translated as follows: Companies that operate in Atlanta. Things are more tricky if we try to get similar information out of school kids essays luther text. For example, consider the creative, following snippet (from nltk.corpus.ieer , for fileid NYT19980315.0085 ). If you read through (1), you will glean the information required to what the causes of the american essay answer the creative essays, example question. But how do we get a machine to understand enough about (1) to return the answers in 1.2? This is obviously a much harder task. Biography On Michael Jackson? Unlike 1.1, (1) contains no structure that links organization names with location names. One approach to this problem involves building a very general representation of meaning (10.). Creative Autumn? In this chapter we take a different approach, deciding in advance that we will only woodstock term paper look for autumn, very specific kinds of information in text, such as the relation between organizations and locations.
Rather than trying to use text like (1) to answer the question directly, we first convert the unstructured data of essay biography on michael natural language sentences into creative autumn, the structured data of the causes of the american revolution 1.1. Then we reap the benefits of powerful query tools such as SQL. Creative? This method of getting meaning from text is called Information Extraction . Information Extraction has many applications, including business intelligence, resume harvesting, media analysis, sentiment detection, patent search, and email scanning. A particularly important area of current research involves the attempt to biography on michael extract structured data out of creative autumn electronically-available scientific literature, especially in the domain of biology and medicine. 1.1 Information Extraction Architecture. 1.1 shows the architecture for a simple information extraction system. It begins by processing a document using several of the procedures discussed in 3 and 5.: first, the raw text of the document is split into sentences using a sentence segmenter, and each sentence is further subdivided into words using a tokenizer. Next, each sentence is tagged with part-of-speech tags, which will prove very helpful in the next step, named entity detection . In this step, we search for mentions of potentially interesting entities in each sentence.
Finally, we use relation detection to search for likely relations between different entities in against argument the text. Figure 1.1 : Simple Pipeline Architecture for an Information Extraction System. This system takes the raw text of a document as its input, and creative generates a list of (entity, relation, entity) tuples as its output. For example, given a document that indicates that the company Georgia-Pacific is literature report, located in Atlanta, it might generate the tuple ([ORG: 'Georgia-Pacific' ] 'in' [LOC: 'Atlanta' ]) . To perform the first three tasks, we can define a simple function that simply connects together NLTK's default sentence segmenter , word tokenizer , and part-of-speech tagger : Remember that our program samples assume you begin your interactive session or your program with: import nltk, re, pprint. Next, in named entity detection, we segment and label the autumn, entities that might participate in interesting relations with one another. Typically, these will be definite noun phrases such as the knights who say ni , or proper names such as Monty Python . In some tasks it is useful to also consider indefinite nouns or noun chunks, such as every student or cats , and paper these do not necessarily refer to entities in the same way as definite NP s and proper names. Finally, in relation extraction, we search for specific patterns between pairs of entities that occur near one another in the text, and creative use those patterns to build tuples recording the relationships between the entities. The basic technique we will use for essay on michael, entity detection is chunking , which segments and labels multi-token sequences as illustrated in 2.1. The smaller boxes show the word-level tokenization and part-of-speech tagging, while the large boxes show higher-level chunking. Each of these larger boxes is called a chunk . Autumn Essays? Like tokenization, which omits whitespace, chunking usually selects a subset of the tokens. Essay Biography On Michael Jackson? Also like tokenization, the autumn, pieces produced by a chunker do not overlap in the source text.
Figure 2.1 : Segmentation and school luther Labeling at both the Token and Chunk Levels. In this section, we will explore chunking in some depth, beginning with the definition and representation of chunks. We will see regular expression and n-gram approaches to chunking, and will develop and evaluate chunkers using the CoNLL-2000 chunking corpus. We will then return in creative (5) and 6 to the tasks of named entity recognition and theory relation extraction. We will begin by creative autumn essays, considering the task of noun phrase chunking , or NP-chunking , where we search for literature review in a, chunks corresponding to individual noun phrases. For example, here is creative, some Wall Street Journal text with NP -chunks marked using brackets: As we can see, NP -chunks are often smaller pieces than complete noun phrases. For example, the market for system-management software for Digital's hardware is literature review in a, a single noun phrase (containing two nested noun phrases), but it is captured in NP -chunks by the simpler chunk the market . One of the motivations for autumn essays, this difference is that NP -chunks are defined so as not to contain other NP -chunks. Theory Essay? Consequently, any prepositional phrases or subordinate clauses that modify a nominal will not be included in the corresponding NP -chunk, since they almost certainly contain further noun phrases. One of the most useful sources of information for NP -chunking is creative, part-of-speech tags. On Michael Jackson? This is one of the motivations for performing part-of-speech tagging in our information extraction system.
We demonstrate this approach using an example sentence that has been part-of-speech tagged in 2.2. In order to create an NP -chunker, we will first define a chunk grammar , consisting of rules that indicate how sentences should be chunked. In this case, we will define a simple grammar with a single regular-expression rule . This rule says that an NP chunk should be formed whenever the chunker finds an optional determiner ( DT ) followed by creative, any number of adjectives ( JJ ) and then a noun ( NN ). Using this grammar, we create a chunk parser , and test it on our example sentence . The result is a tree, which we can either print , or display graphically . Example 2.2 (code_chunkex.py) : Figure 2.2 : Example of a Simple Regular Expression Based NP Chunker. We can match these noun phrases using a slight refinement of the first tag pattern above, i.e. Essay? DT?JJ.**NN.*+ . This will chunk any sequence of tokens beginning with an optional determiner, followed by zero or more adjectives of any type (including relative adjectives like earlier/JJR ), followed by one or more nouns of any type. However, it is easy to find many more complicated examples which this rule will not cover: Your Turn: Try to come up with tag patterns to cover these cases. Creative Autumn Essays? Test them using the graphical interface nltk.app.chunkparser() . Continue to theory refine your tag patterns with the help of the creative essays, feedback given by this tool. 2.3 Chunking with Regular Expressions. To find the chunk structure for a given sentence, the what were of the american essay, RegexpParser chunker begins with a flat structure in which no tokens are chunked. The chunking rules are applied in turn, successively updating the chunk structure.
Once all of the rules have been invoked, the resulting chunk structure is returned. 2.3 shows a simple chunk grammar consisting of two rules. Creative Autumn? The first rule matches an optional determiner or possessive pronoun, zero or more adjectives, then a noun. The second rule matches one or more proper nouns. We also define an example sentence to be chunked , and run the chunker on this input . The $ symbol is a special character in regular expressions, and must be backslash escaped in order to match the tag PP$ . If a tag pattern matches at overlapping locations, the the causes of the american revolution, leftmost match takes precedence. For example, if we apply a rule that matches two consecutive nouns to a text containing three consecutive nouns, then only the creative autumn, first two nouns will be chunked: Once we have created the chunk for what were the causes of the revolution, money market , we have removed the context that would have permitted fund to be included in creative essays a chunk. Biography On Michael? This issue would have been avoided with a more permissive chunk rule, e.g. Creative Autumn? NP: . We have added a comment to each of our chunk rules. Jackson? These are optional; when they are present, the autumn, chunker prints these comments as part of essay on michael jackson its tracing output. In 2 we saw how we could interrogate a tagged corpus to autumn essays extract phrases matching a particular sequence of part-of-speech tags.
We can do the same work more easily with a chunker, as follows: Your Turn: Encapsulate the above example inside a function find_chunks() that takes a chunk string like CHUNK: as an argument. Woodstock Paper? Use it to search the corpus for several other patterns, such as four or more nouns in a row, e.g. NOUNS: Sometimes it is easier to autumn define what we want to exclude from a chunk. We can define a chink to be a sequence of woodstock term paper tokens that is not included in a chunk. In the following example, barked/VBD at/IN is a chink:
Chinking is the creative autumn, process of removing a sequence of tokens from a chunk. If the matching sequence of tokens spans an entire chunk, then the whole chunk is removed; if the sequence of tokens appears in the middle of the chunk, these tokens are removed, leaving two chunks where there was only one before. If the sequence is at the periphery of the war, chunk, these tokens are removed, and a smaller chunk remains. These three possibilities are illustrated in 2.1. Three chinking rules applied to the same chunk. In 2.4, we put the entire sentence into a single chunk, then excise the chinks. 2.6 Representing Chunks: Tags vs Trees. Figure 2.5 : Tag Representation of Chunk Structures. IOB tags have become the standard way to represent chunk structures in files, and we will also be using this format. Here is how the information in 2.5 would appear in a file: In this representation there is one token per line, each with its part-of-speech tag and chunk tag.
This format permits us to creative autumn represent more than one chunk type, so long as the chunks do not overlap. The Causes Of The American Essay? As we saw earlier, chunk structures can also be represented using trees. These have the benefit that each chunk is a constituent that can be manipulated directly. An example is shown in 2.6. Figure 2.6 : Tree Representation of Chunk Structures. NLTK uses trees for its internal representation of chunks, but provides methods for creative autumn essays, reading and writing such trees to the IOB format. 3 Developing and Evaluating Chunkers. Now you have a taste of what chunking does, but we haven't explained how to evaluate chunkers.
As usual, this requires a suitably annotated corpus. We begin by looking at the mechanics of converting IOB format into against argument, an NLTK tree, then at how this is done on creative essays a larger scale using a chunked corpus. We will see how to score the accuracy of a chunker relative to a corpus, then look at some more data-driven ways to report search for NP chunks. Autumn Essays? Our focus throughout will be on expanding the coverage of essay war a chunker. 3.1 Reading IOB Format and the CoNLL 2000 Corpus. Using the corpus module we can load Wall Street Journal text that has been tagged then chunked using the IOB notation. The chunk categories provided in this corpus are NP , VP and creative autumn PP . As we have seen, each sentence is represented using multiple lines, as shown below: A conversion function chunk.conllstr2tree() builds a tree representation from one of these multi-line strings. Moreover, it permits us to choose any subset of the three chunk types to school kids jr use, here just for NP chunks: We can use the autumn, NLTK corpus module to woodstock term paper access a larger amount of chunked text. The CoNLL 2000 corpus contains 270k words of Wall Street Journal text, divided into essays, train and test portions, annotated with part-of-speech tags and chunk tags in the IOB format.
We can access the review in a, data using nltk.corpus.conll2000 . Here is an example that reads the 100th sentence of the train portion of the creative autumn, corpus: As you can see, the CoNLL 2000 corpus contains three chunk types: NP chunks, which we have already seen; VP chunks such as has already delivered ; and PP chunks such as because of . Since we are only interested in the NP chunks right now, we can use the essay, chunk_types argument to select them: 3.2 Simple Evaluation and creative autumn essays Baselines. Now that we can access a chunked corpus, we can evaluate chunkers. We start off by literature review report, establishing a baseline for the trivial chunk parser cp that creates no chunks: The IOB tag accuracy indicates that more than a third of the words are tagged with O , i.e. not in an NP chunk. However, since our tagger did not find any chunks, its precision, recall, and creative autumn essays f-measure are all zero. Literary Theory Essay? Now let's try a naive regular expression chunker that looks for creative autumn essays, tags beginning with letters that are characteristic of noun phrase tags (e.g.
CD , DT , and JJ ). As you can see, this approach achieves decent results. However, we can improve on it by adopting a more data-driven approach, where we use the training corpus to find the chunk tag ( I , O , or B ) that is most likely for each part-of-speech tag. In other words, we can build a chunker using a unigram tagger (4). But rather than trying to determine the correct part-of-speech tag for each word, we are trying to determine the correct chunk tag, given each word's part-of-speech tag. In 3.1, we define the argument essay, UnigramChunker class, which uses a unigram tagger to label sentences with chunk tags. Creative? Most of the code in this class is simply used to convert back and forth between the chunk tree representation used by what were the causes revolution essay, NLTK's ChunkParserI interface, and the IOB representation used by creative autumn essays, the embedded tagger. The class defines two methods: a constructor which is called when we build a new UnigramChunker; and the parse method which is against essay war, used to chunk new sentences.
Example 3.1 (code_unigram_chunker.py) : Figure 3.1 : Noun Phrase Chunking with a Unigram Tagger. The constructor expects a list of training sentences, which will be in the form of chunk trees. It first converts training data to creative a form that is suitable for training the tagger, using tree2conlltags to essay map each chunk tree to a list of word,tag,chunk triples. It then uses that converted training data to train a unigram tagger, and stores it in self.tagger for later use. The parse method takes a tagged sentence as its input, and creative autumn begins by extracting the against argument essay, part-of-speech tags from that sentence. It then tags the part-of-speech tags with IOB chunk tags, using the tagger self.tagger that was trained in the constructor.
Next, it extracts the chunk tags, and combines them with the original sentence, to yield conlltags . Finally, it uses conlltags2tree to convert the creative essays, result back into a chunk tree. Now that we have UnigramChunker , we can train it using the CoNLL 2000 corpus, and test its resulting performance: This chunker does reasonably well, achieving an overall f-measure score of 83%. Let's take a look at what it's learned, by using its unigram tagger to paper assign a tag to each of the part-of-speech tags that appear in creative the corpus: It has discovered that most punctuation marks occur outside of NP chunks, with the woodstock paper, exception of # and $ , both of which are used as currency markers. Creative Autumn Essays? It has also found that determiners ( DT ) and possessives ( PRP$ and WP$ ) occur at the beginnings of NP chunks, while noun types ( NN , NNP , NNPS , NNS ) mostly occur inside of NP chunks. Having built a unigram chunker, it is quite easy to theory essay build a bigram chunker: we simply change the class name to BigramChunker , and modify line in 3.1 to construct a BigramTagger rather than a UnigramTagger . The resulting chunker has slightly higher performance than the unigram chunker:
3.3 Training Classifier-Based Chunkers. Both the regular-expression based chunkers and the n-gram chunkers decide what chunks to create entirely based on part-of-speech tags. However, sometimes part-of-speech tags are insufficient to determine how a sentence should be chunked. For example, consider the following two statements: These two sentences have the same part-of-speech tags, yet they are chunked differently. In the first sentence, the autumn essays, farmer and rice are separate chunks, while the corresponding material in the second sentence, the computer monitor , is a single chunk. Clearly, we need to make use of information about the content of the essays on martin luther jr, words, in addition to creative just their part-of-speech tags, if we wish to maximize chunking performance. One way that we can incorporate information about the content of were american revolution words is to creative essays use a classifier-based tagger to chunk the sentence. Like the n-gram chunker considered in were of the revolution the previous section, this classifier-based chunker will work by assigning IOB tags to creative autumn the words in a sentence, and then converting those tags to chunks.
For the classifier-based tagger itself, we will use the same approach that we used in 1 to woodstock build a part-of-speech tagger. The basic code for the classifier-based NP chunker is autumn, shown in 3.2. School Kids Luther Jr? It consists of autumn essays two classes. Literary Essay? The first class is almost identical to the ConsecutivePosTagger class from 1.5. The only two differences are that it calls a different feature extractor and that it uses a MaxentClassifier rather than a NaiveBayesClassifier . The second class is basically a wrapper around the tagger class that turns it into a chunker. Essays? During training, this second class maps the chunk trees in the training corpus into tag sequences; in the parse() method, it converts the tag sequence provided by the tagger back into a chunk tree. Example 3.2 (code_classifier_chunker.py) : Figure 3.2 : Noun Phrase Chunking with a Consecutive Classifier. The only piece left to fill in is the review, feature extractor. We begin by defining a simple feature extractor which just provides the creative autumn essays, part-of-speech tag of the current token.
Using this feature extractor, our classifier-based chunker is very similar to what were american essay the unigram chunker, as is reflected in its performance: We can also add a feature for the previous part-of-speech tag. Adding this feature allows the classifier to model interactions between adjacent tags, and results in a chunker that is closely related to the bigram chunker. Next, we'll try adding a feature for the current word, since we hypothesized that word content should be useful for chunking. We find that this feature does indeed improve the chunker's performance, by about 1.5 percentage points (which corresponds to about a 10% reduction in creative essays the error rate). Finally, we can try extending the kids essays luther king jr, feature extractor with a variety of additional features, such as lookahead features , paired features , and creative essays complex contextual features . What The Causes Of The American Essay? This last feature, called tags-since-dt , creates a string describing the set of all part-of-speech tags that have been encountered since the most recent determiner, or since the beginning of the sentence if there is no determiner before index i . . Your Turn: Try adding different features to the feature extractor function npchunk_features , and see if you can further improve the performance of the NP chunker. 4 Recursion in Linguistic Structure.
4.1 Building Nested Structure with Cascaded Chunkers. So far, our chunk structures have been relatively flat. Creative? Trees consist of tagged tokens, optionally grouped under a chunk node such as NP . However, it is possible to build chunk structures of arbitrary depth, simply by creating a multi-stage chunk grammar containing recursive rules. 4.1 has patterns for essay jackson, noun phrases, prepositional phrases, verb phrases, and sentences. Creative Autumn Essays? This is a four-stage chunk grammar, and can be used to literature review in a report create structures having a depth of at most four. Unfortunately this result misses the VP headed by saw . It has other shortcomings too. Let's see what happens when we apply this chunker to autumn essays a sentence having deeper nesting. Notice that it fails to identify the VP chunk starting at . The solution to war these problems is to get the chunker to loop over its patterns: after trying all of them, it repeats the process. We add an optional second argument loop to specify the number of essays times the set of patterns should be run: This cascading process enables us to create deep structures. However, creating and debugging a cascade is difficult, and kids luther king jr there comes a point where it is more effective to do full parsing (see 8.).
Also, the cascading process can only creative produce trees of fixed depth (no deeper than the the causes american essay, number of stages in the cascade), and this is insufficient for creative, complete syntactic analysis. A tree is a set of connected labeled nodes, each reachable by a unique path from biography on michael, a distinguished root node. Here's an example of a tree (note that they are standardly drawn upside-down): We use a 'family' metaphor to talk about the relationships of nodes in creative autumn a tree: for example, S is the parent of VP ; conversely VP is a child of S . Also, since NP and VP are both children of S , they are also siblings . For convenience, there is essay jackson, also a text format for specifying trees: Although we will focus on syntactic trees, trees can be used to encode any homogeneous hierarchical structure that spans a sequence of linguistic forms (e.g. morphological structure, discourse structure).
In the general case, leaves and creative essays node values do not have to literary essay be strings. In NLTK, we create a tree by giving a node label and a list of children: We can incorporate these into autumn, successively larger trees as follows: Here are some of the methods available for tree objects: The bracketed representation for complex trees can be difficult to read. In these cases, the draw method can be very useful.
It opens a new window, containing a graphical representation of the tree. The tree display window allows you to zoom in and out, to against war collapse and expand subtrees, and to print the graphical representation to a postscript file (for inclusion in a document). It is standard to autumn essays use a recursive function to literature review in a report traverse a tree. The listing in 4.2 demonstrates this. Example 4.2 (code_traverse.py) : Figure 4.2 : A Recursive Function to Traverse a Tree. We have used a technique called duck typing to detect that t is creative autumn essays, a tree (i.e. t.label() is defined). At the start of this chapter, we briefly introduced named entities (NEs). Named entities are definite noun phrases that refer to specific types of were the causes of the american revolution essay individuals, such as organizations, persons, dates, and so on. 5.1 lists some of the creative essays, more commonly used types of NEs. These should be self-explanatory, except for Facility: human-made artifacts in the domains of architecture and civil engineering; and GPE: geo-political entities such as city, state/province, and country. Commonly Used Types of Named Entity.
The goal of a named entity recognition (NER) system is to identify all textual mentions of the named entities. This can be broken down into two sub-tasks: identifying the boundaries of the NE, and paper identifying its type. While named entity recognition is autumn, frequently a prelude to argument essay identifying relations in Information Extraction, it can also contribute to other tasks. For example, in Question Answering (QA), we try to improve the essays, precision of Information Retrieval by recovering not whole pages, but just those parts which contain an answer to against argument essay the user's question. Most QA systems take the creative, documents returned by in a, standard Information Retrieval, and then attempt to isolate the minimal text snippet in the document containing the answer. Now suppose the question was Who was the first President of the US? , and one of the creative essays, documents that was retrieved contained the following passage: Analysis of the question leads us to what expect that an creative answer should be of the form X was the first President of the US , where X is not only a noun phrase, but also refers to a named entity of essay on michael type PERSON. This should allow us to ignore the first sentence in the passage. While it contains two occurrences of Washington , named entity recognition should tell us that neither of them has the correct type.
Figure 5.1 : Location Detection by Simple Lookup for creative, a News Story: Looking up every word in a gazetteer is error-prone; case distinctions may help, but these are not always present. Observe that the gazetteer has good coverage of locations in were of the revolution many countries, and incorrectly finds locations like Sanchez in the Dominican Republic and On in Vietnam. Of course we could omit such locations from the gazetteer, but then we won't be able to identify them when they do appear in creative a document. It gets even harder in argument essay the case of creative names for people or organizations. Any list of report such names will probably have poor coverage. New organizations come into existence every day, so if we are trying to deal with contemporary newswire or blog entries, it is unlikely that we will be able to recognize many of the entities using gazetteer lookup. Another major source of difficulty is caused by the fact that many named entity terms are ambiguous. Thus May and North are likely to be parts of named entities for DATE and LOCATION, respectively, but could both be part of a PERSON; conversely Christian Dior looks like a PERSON but is more likely to be of type ORGANIZATION.
A term like Yankee will be ordinary modifier in some contexts, but will be marked as an creative autumn entity of type ORGANIZATION in theory essay the phrase Yankee infielders . Further challenges are posed by multi-word names like Stanford University , and by names that contain other names such as Cecil H. Green Library and Escondido Village Conference Service Center . In named entity recognition, therefore, we need to be able to creative autumn essays identify the theory essay, beginning and end of multi-token sequences. Named entity recognition is a task that is creative essays, well-suited to the type of classifier-based approach that we saw for noun phrase chunking. Review In A? In particular, we can build a tagger that labels each word in essays a sentence using the IOB format, where chunks are labeled by their appropriate type. Here is part of the CONLL 2002 ( conll2002 ) Dutch training data: In this representation, there is one token per line, each with its part-of-speech tag and its named entity tag. Based on this training corpus, we can construct a tagger that can be used to label new sentences; and use the nltk.chunk.conlltags2tree() function to convert the tag sequences into essay war, a chunk tree. NLTK provides a classifier that has already been trained to recognize named entities, accessed with the function nltk.ne_chunk() . Creative Essays? If we set the parameter binary=True , then named entities are just tagged as NE ; otherwise, the classifier adds category labels such as PERSON, ORGANIZATION, and GPE.
Once named entities have been identified in a text, we then want to extract the relations that exist between them. As indicated earlier, we will typically be looking for relations between specified types of named entity. One way of theory approaching this task is to initially look for essays, all triples of the essay, form ( X , ?, Y ), where X and Y are named entities of the required types, and ? is the string of words that intervenes between X and creative Y . We can then use regular expressions to pull out just those instances of ? that express the relation that we are looking for. The following example searches for strings that contain the word in . The special regular expression (?!b.+ingb) is a negative lookahead assertion that allows us to disregard strings such as success in supervising the transition of , where in is followed by literature review in a report, a gerund. Searching for the keyword in works reasonably well, though it will also retrieve false positives such as [ORG: House Transportation Committee] , secured the most money in the [LOC: New York] ; there is creative autumn essays, unlikely to be simple string-based method of excluding filler strings such as this. As shown above, the conll2002 Dutch corpus contains not just named entity annotation but also part-of-speech tags. This allows us to devise patterns that are sensitive to these tags, as shown in the next example.
The method clause() prints out the relations in a clausal form, where the binary relation symbol is specified as the value of parameter relsym . Your Turn: Replace the last line , by print (rtuple(rel, lcon=True, rcon=True)) . This will show you the actual words that intervene between the two NEs and essay biography jackson also their left and right context, within a default 10-word window. With the help of creative essays a Dutch dictionary, you might be able to figure out why the result VAN( 'annie_lennox' , 'eurythmics' ) is a false hit. Information extraction systems search large bodies of what of the american unrestricted text for specific types of entities and relations, and use them to populate well-organized databases. Creative? These databases can then be used to find answers for specific questions. In A Report? The typical architecture for an information extraction system begins by segmenting, tokenizing, and part-of-speech tagging the text. The resulting data is then searched for specific types of entity.
Finally, the information extraction system looks at entities that are mentioned near one another in the text, and tries to determine whether specific relationships hold between those entities. Entity recognition is often performed using chunkers, which segment multi-token sequences, and label them with the appropriate entity type. Common entity types include ORGANIZATION, PERSON, LOCATION, DATE, TIME, MONEY, and GPE (geo-political entity). Essays? Chunkers can be constructed using rule-based systems, such as the RegexpParser class provided by NLTK; or using machine learning techniques, such as the ConsecutiveNPChunker presented in this chapter. In either case, part-of-speech tags are often a very important feature when searching for chunks. Although chunkers are specialized to create relatively flat data structures, where no two chunks are allowed to overlap, they can be cascaded together to build nested structures. Relation extraction can be performed using either rule-based systems which typically look for specific patterns in the text that connect entities and the intervening words; or using machine-learning systems which typically attempt to learn such patterns automatically from a training corpus. Extra materials for this chapter are posted at essay biography on michael http://nltk.org/ , including links to freely available resources on the web. For more examples of chunking with NLTK, please see the Chunking HOWTO at http://nltk.org/howto . The popularity of chunking is due in great part to pioneering work by Abney e.g., (Church, Young, Bloothooft, 1996).
Abney's Cass chunker is autumn essays, described in http://www.vinartus.net/spa/97a.pdf . The IOB format (or sometimes BIO Format ) was developed for woodstock term paper, NP chunking by (Ramshaw Marcus, 1995), and autumn essays was used for biography on michael jackson, the shared NP bracketing task run by the Conference on Natural Language Learning (CoNLL) in 1999. The same format was adopted by essays, CoNLL 2000 for literary, annotating a section of Wall Street Journal text as part of a shared task on NP chunking. Section 13.5 of creative essays (Jurafsky Martin, 2008) contains a discussion of chunking. Chapter 22 covers information extraction, including named entity recognition. For information about text mining in biology and medicine, see (Ananiadou McNaught, 2006). #9788; The IOB format categorizes tagged tokens as I , O and B . Why are three tags necessary? What problem would be caused if we used I and O tags exclusively? #9788; Write a tag pattern to match noun phrases containing plural head nouns, e.g. many/JJ researchers/NNS, two/CD weeks/NNS, both/DT new/JJ positions/NNS. Against? Try to autumn do this by generalizing the tag pattern that handled singular noun phrases. #9788; Pick one of the three chunk types in the CoNLL corpus. Inspect the CoNLL corpus and theory try to observe any patterns in autumn essays the POS tag sequences that make up this kind of chunk.
Develop a simple chunker using the regular expression chunker nltk.RegexpParser . Discuss any tag sequences that are difficult to chunk reliably. #9788; An early definition of chunk was the material that occurs between chinks. Develop a chunker that starts by putting the whole sentence in a single chunk, and then does the rest of its work solely by chinking. Determine which tags (or tag sequences) are most likely to make up chinks with the help of your own utility program. Compare the performance and literary essay simplicity of creative autumn essays this approach relative to a chunker based entirely on chunk rules. #9681; Write a tag pattern to term paper cover noun phrases that contain gerunds, e.g. Creative Essays? the/DT receiving/VBG end/NN, assistant/NN managing/VBG editor/NN. Add these patterns to the grammar, one per line. Literature Review In A Report? Test your work using some tagged sentences of your own devising. Autumn Essays? #9681; Write one or more tag patterns to handle coordinated noun phrases, e.g. July/NNP and/CC August/NNP, all/DT your/PRP$ managers/NNS and/CC supervisors/NNS, company/NN courts/NNS and/CC adjudicators/NNS. #9681; Carry out the against argument war, following evaluation tasks for any of the autumn essays, chunkers you have developed earlier. (Note that most chunking corpora contain some internal inconsistencies, such that any reasonable rule-based approach will produce errors.) Evaluate your chunker on woodstock term 100 sentences from a chunked corpus, and autumn report the precision, recall and school kids jr F-measure. Use the chunkscore.missed() and chunkscore.incorrect() methods to identify the errors made by essays, your chunker. Discuss. Compare the performance of your chunker to theory the baseline chunker discussed in the evaluation section of this chapter. #9681; Develop a chunker for one of the chunk types in the CoNLL corpus using a regular-expression based chunk grammar RegexpChunk . Use any combination of rules for chunking, chinking, merging or splitting. #9681; Sometimes a word is incorrectly tagged, e.g. the autumn essays, head noun in 12/CD or/CC so/RB cases/VBZ. Instead of requiring manual correction of tagger output, good chunkers are able to work with the erroneous output of taggers.
Look for school kids on martin luther king jr, other examples of correctly chunked noun phrases with incorrect tags. #9681; The bigram chunker scores about 90% accuracy. Study its errors and try to work out why it doesn't get 100% accuracy. Experiment with trigram chunking. Are you able to creative autumn essays improve the performance any more? #9733; Apply the n-gram and Brill tagging methods to IOB chunk tagging. Instead of assigning POS tags to words, here we will assign IOB tags to the POS tags. E.g. if the tag DT (determiner) often occurs at the start of a chunk, it will be tagged B (begin). Evaluate the performance of these chunking methods relative to the regular expression chunking methods covered in this chapter. #9733; We saw in 5. that it is possible to in a report establish an essays upper limit to tagging performance by looking for ambiguous n-grams, n-grams that are tagged in more than one possible way in the training data. Apply the same method to determine an upper bound on the performance of an essays luther king n-gram chunker. #9733; Pick one of the three chunk types in the CoNLL corpus. Creative? Write functions to do the following tasks for your chosen type: List all the tag sequences that occur with each instance of this chunk type. Count the frequency of each tag sequence, and biography produce a ranked list in order of decreasing frequency; each line should consist of an integer (the frequency) and the tag sequence.
Inspect the high-frequency tag sequences. Use these as the basis for developing a better chunker. #9733; The baseline chunker presented in the evaluation section tends to create larger chunks than it should. For example, the creative essays, phrase: [every/DT time/NN] [she/PRP] sees/VBZ [a/DT newspaper/NN] contains two consecutive chunks, and our baseline chunker will incorrectly combine the first two: [every/DT time/NN she/PRP] . Write a program that finds which of these chunk-internal tags typically occur at woodstock term the start of a chunk, then devise one or more rules that will split up these chunks. Creative? Combine these with the existing baseline chunker and re-evaluate it, to see if you have discovered an theory improved baseline. #9733; Develop an NP chunker that converts POS-tagged text into a list of creative essays tuples, where each tuple consists of a verb followed by literary, a sequence of noun phrases and prepositions, e.g. the little cat sat on creative autumn essays the mat becomes ( 'sat' , 'on' , 'NP' ) . #9733; The Penn Treebank contains a section of in a report tagged Wall Street Journal text that has been chunked into noun phrases. The format uses square brackets, and we have encountered it several times during this chapter. The Treebank corpus can be accessed using: for sent in nltk.corpus.treebank_chunk.chunked_sents(fileid) . These are flat trees, just as we got using nltk.corpus.conll2000.chunked_sents() . Autumn? The functions nltk.tree.pprint() and nltk.chunk.tree2conllstr() can be used to create Treebank and IOB strings from a tree. Write functions chunk2brackets() and chunk2iob() that take a single chunk tree as their sole argument, and return the required multi-line string representation. Write command-line conversion utilities bracket2iob.py and iob2bracket.py that take a file in Treebank or CoNLL format (resp) and convert it to the other format. (Obtain some raw Treebank or CoNLL data from the NLTK Corpora, save it to a file, and paper then use for creative autumn essays, line in open(filename) to access it from Python.) #9733; An n-gram chunker can use information other than the current part-of-speech tag and the n-1 previous chunk tags.
Investigate other models of the theory essay, context, such as the n-1 previous part-of-speech tags, or some combination of previous chunk tags along with previous and following part-of-speech tags. #9733; Consider the way an autumn n-gram tagger uses recent tags to inform its tagging choice. Literature? Now observe how a chunker may re-use this sequence information. For example, both tasks will make use of the information that nouns tend to follow adjectives (in English). It would appear that the same information is being maintained in two places. Is this likely to become a problem as the size of the rule sets grows? If so, speculate about creative autumn, any ways that this problem might be addressed.
About this document. UPDATED FOR NLTK 3.0. Against War? This is creative autumn essays, a chapter from Natural Language Processing with Python , by Steven Bird, Ewan Klein and Edward Loper, Copyright © 2014 the school kids essays luther, authors. It is distributed with the creative, Natural Language Toolkit [ http://nltk.org/ ], Version 3.0, under the were of the essay, terms of the creative autumn essays, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/]. This document was built on Wed 1 Jul 2015 12:30:05 AEST.
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10 awesome free career self-assessment tools on autumn essays, the Internet. Before you set foot in theory, that interview room, you need to have your spiel down pat. Autumn! But do you know yourself well enough to even have a spiel? Understanding yourself is critical when choosing or changing your career, says Phoenix-based HR consultant Lisa Barrington. Literary Theory! Don’t worry: You don’t need to go on some soul-searching walkabout to understand your strengths, interests, emotional intelligence, values, personality traits, and motivations more fully. There are free online self-assessment tools you can use instead. These tools “offer insight that the individual might not have had prior to taking the creative autumn essays assessment,” Barrington says. And while many of these assessments work best when administered in full by a professional who can interpret the results, these 10 free versions can give you a sense of where you should be headed and against argument, how you should be marketing yourself without your having to spend a single cent. One of the most well-known assessments, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator results in a four-letter “type”INFP or ESFJ, for example.
The test is meant to identify basic preferences for creative autumn, each of four dichotomies (such as introvert and extrovert) and describes 16 distinctive personality traits. You’ll have to pay $50 to against argument, take the autumn real test, but there are plenty of imitators on the Internet. This personality assessment is literature, based on Keirsey Temperament Theory, which divides people into four “temperaments:” guardian, idealist, rational and autumn, artisan. The assessment measures how people communicate and what their actions tend to be. Yes, the test is 71 questions long; no one said getting to biography on michael jackson, your emotional center would be quick. Creative! This assessment can help you identify your motivations and what’s really important to you in your career. Essay Biography On Michael Jackson! By ranking different aspects of work, the creative results can encourage you to look at literature in a, jobs or industries you may not have considered before. Creative! You’ll walk away from this test with a list of 739 jobs rank-ordered based on what were of the american, how well they suit your style.
Not bad, huh? Big Five personality assessments divide people into five personality traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and autumn, neuroticism. The assessment identifies a preference out of the five and literary theory essay, can help you identify learning styles as well as work preferences. This test will also make you laugh a little along the way. Try answering “I have a rich vocabulary” or “I worry about things” with a straight face. This personality assessment starts with Myers-Briggs dichotomies and adds archetypes from Jungian theory as well as some from the Big Five. Which is psychobabbly way of saying you’ll learn whether you’re an introvert or extrovert if you take this test and at creative essays, the end, you’ll be labeled with one of 16 personality types with cool names like “Mediator,” “Commander” and “Defender.” Most importantly, the test promises to take less than 12 minutes. This survey lets you rate activities you enjoy, your personal qualities and woodstock term, school subjects you like.
Then you can see which career clusters are a match for your interests. And this is another quick one, clocking in at 5 to 10 minutes. This tool uses information from autumn essays, O*Net information, , which is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, to help determine your interests as they relate to work. Unlike the other tests, this one asks you how to rate how much you’d enjoy performing very specific work tasks like “building kitchen cabinets,” “laying brick” and “buying and selling stocks and bonds.” It’s really nicely color-coded as well. Hang in there, this one is 60 questions.
More than 8 million people around the world have taken this assessment at review in a, Assessment.com. “The reason people take the creative autumn essays MAPP is to find their way in life,” he says. It tells you what you love to do and what you don’t love to do. It also uses the O*Net job list to identify which jobs might be good fits. You’ll have to fork over $90 for their “starter package,” in which you’ll see your top 20 general career matches. Their “executive package” costs $149.95 where you’ll get a 30-page assessment and ranked matching to 900 careers. But if you just want to try it for free, you’ll be matched with five potential careers. This assessment examines your suitability with different careers based on six occupational themes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional.
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essay topic for kids As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the creative autumn essays, site, with print-friendly pages. More Writing Activities. Essays to Write. for Early Writers. The following are printouts with writing prompts for short essays.
For early writers, these one-page printout should be enough writing space for essay biography, a very short essay. For more advanced writers, extra pieces of lined paper will be necessary to complete an essay. Instructions for the essay writers : For each essay, begin with a topic (focus) sentence that states the main ideas that you will be writing about. Then write at creative autumn essays least four to five sentences that clearly explain the point of your essay. Literature Review. End the essay with a strong closing sentence that summarizes what you wrote. Check that your grammar, spelling, and punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and autumn essays, write neatly! Book Report: Use this form to kids essays on martin luther jr write a book report, noting the book's name, author, main characters, setting, and plot summary. A Friend: Write about autumn, what being a friend means to against essay you. Describe what friends do and how they behave with each other and with other people.
What happens when friends disagree? Movie Review: Review a movie. Include a description of the characters, the creative essays, story, the kids essays on martin king, scenery, and creative essays, what you liked the most and literary theory essay, the least about the movie. Election Issues: What do you think are the creative, most important issues in this election (and why)? Improve the World: What you would do to improve the world? Think of school essays king jr, actions you could take to creative help make the world a better place. June 23 is were the causes american revolution essay, United Nations Public Service Day. How to Learn From Others : How can you learn from other people? Give an example of something you learned from someone else and explain why and how you learned it. Something I Learned from a Bad Experience: Think about essays, something bad that happened to you, but taught you something. Write about this experience and literature report, what you learned from creative essays, it.
Do you think that this knowledge will help you later in life? A Veteran's Story: Write a page about woodstock term, a relative or friend who was in creative autumn the Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, or National Guard. Theory. Who was this person (what is their relationship to you), when did this person serve, was it during a war (if so, which one), what did that person do during their service, and what are their recollections of their service? I Wonder Why: Think of something you have wondered about and write about autumn, it. Presidential Qualities: What do you think are the most important qualities a president should have (and why)? Living in Space: Do you think people will ever live in space? If not, why not? If so, where will they live and how will they do it? Write About a Number: Pick a number, then write about it. Tell a Joke: Write a funny joke that you know.
Why did you pick this joke? Why is it so funny? Free Vacation Trip : If someone offered to give you a free vacation trip anywhere in world, where would you go? Why do you want to argument go to creative this place? What would you do when you got there? A New Olympic Sport: Invent a new Olympic sport. Kids Essays On Martin Jr. There are many unusual Olympic sports, like skeleton (running and autumn essays, then sledding), biathlon (skiing plus shooting), and curling (using brooms to propel an object over literary essay, ice). Make up a new sport that would be fun to essays watch and play. A New Website: If you could put up a new website on any topic at literary all, what would it be?
Write about creative autumn essays, why you chose this topic, what the woodstock term paper, website would contain, and creative autumn essays, who else you think might be interested in going to your site. New Nickname: If you could choose a nickname for yourself, what would it be? Why did you pick this nickname? How do you think your classmates would react to literature review in a this nickname? An Invention I'd Like: Think about an invention that you'd like to have or make. Autumn. Write about what this new device would do and why you'd like to use it.
Invent an woodstock term paper Animal: Invent a new animal -- describe what it looks like, what it sounds like, how it moves, and what it eats. Creative Autumn Essays. Is it scary or cuddly or something else altogether? Would it be a pet or live in school kids on martin king the wild (or in a zoo)? An Imaginary Pet: Draw and creative autumn, describe an imaginary pet that you would like (or not like) to have. Invent a New Holiday: Invent a new holiday. What would this holiday celebrate? How would you celebrate it?
Would there be any special food or symbols for your holiday? New Student Questions: If there was a new student in class and woodstock term paper, you could only ask that person three questions to autumn get to on martin luther king jr know them, what questions would you ask? A New Name for autumn essays, Your Town/City: If you could rename your town or city, what would you call it? Why did you pick this name? How would it change things in your town? My Superpower: If you could have one superpower, what would it be? Write a page explaining what the superpower is, why you would like to were the causes of the revolution have it, and creative essays, what you would do with this new power. How would your life change if you had this superpower? If I Could Be a Different Age. : If you could be any age at school luther jr all, how old would you be (older or younger)? Write about creative autumn, why you would like to be this age and what you would do.
If You Could Be Invisible: If you could be invisible whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to literary theory do this particular thing? If You Could Fly: If you could fly whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to do this particular thing? A Magical Spell: A Magic Spell. Autumn Essays. If you could devise a magical spell, what would it be and what would it do?
Write about why you chose this new spell and how you would use it. If All Your Wishes Were Granted: Write about what your life would be like if all your wishes came true. How would it change your life? What you would do? If You Could Make Something Disappear: If you could make one thing disappear, what would it be? Write about what would happen once it disappeared. How would it change things?
What you would do? If I Could Change a School Rule: If you could change one rule at essay jackson your school, which rule would it be and what would you change it to? Why did you choose that rule? Why is your rule better than the old rule? Stranded on an Island: If you were going to be stranded on a deserted island and autumn, could take three items with you, what three items would you take and in a report, why? The three items have to fit in an ordinary backpack. Describe each item fully and tell why you want each one. Message in a Bottle: If you were stranded on a deserted island and could send out one message in a bottle, what would you write in creative autumn essays that message, and why would you write those particular things? A Space Adventure: If you could travel anywhere in space, where would you go and why? What do you think it would be like there? Go Back in what were of the american revolution Time: If you could go back in time and autumn, re-experience an literature in a report event in your life, what would it be.
Would you go back to change an event that happened or to re-experience a happy time? Or something else? If I Were a Grown-Up: Write about what you'd do if you were a grown-up for one day. Autumn. What exactly would you like to against essay do and why would you do it? If I Were a Teacher: Write a page on creative autumn, what you would do if you were a teacher for a day. What subjects would you teach and against, how would you teach them? If I Were the President: Write a page on what you'd do if you were the President. Creative. How would you change the world?
If I Had a Hundred Dollars: Write a page on what you'd do if you had one hundred dollars. The Story of Your Name: Why did your parents give you your name -- what is the story of your name? Are you named after someone or some place? If you don't know why you have your name, make up a story. If I Had a New Name: If you could give yourself a new name, what would it be? Write about why you chose this new name and how it might change your life. If I Turned into an Animal: If you had to turn into a different animal for a single day, what animal would you choose to become? Why did you choose that animal?
What would do when you became that animal, and where would you go? How do you think you would feel when you were that animal? How would people treat you? How would other animals treat you? Talk to woodstock term an Animal: If you could talk to autumn essays an animal, what animal would you talk to theory essay and what would you talk about?
Why did you choose that animal? What questions would you ask that animal? Scariest Animal: Which animal frightens you the most? Describe the animal. Essays. What is what of the american revolution essay, it about this animal that makes it so terrifying? Is this animal actually dangerous or does it just disturb you? My Special Day: If you had a day all for yourself and creative autumn, could do whatever you wanted to, what would you do? Start with waking up and describe the argument essay war, entire day. Include things like what you'd eat, who you'd see, where you'd go, and what you'd do. An Adventure I'd like to have: If you could have any type of adventure at all, what would it be? Write a page on creative essays, an adventure that you'd like to what of the american essay experience.
Think of the wildest adventure you can imagine. World Record: If you could hold a world record in essays something, what would it be? How would you go about literature review report, attaining this world record? How would it feel being a world record holder? My Favorite Game: What is your favorite game? Describe the game and creative autumn essays, how it is played. Biography Jackson. Explain the rules so that someone could learn how to play the game.
My Favorite Holiday: What is your favorite holiday? Describe what you like to do on creative autumn essays, this holiday, who you like to be with at that time, and essay biography on michael jackson, why you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Time of creative autumn, Year: What is your favorite time of year? Why do you like it so much? Describe what you like to do during this time, and why do you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Sport: What is your favorite sport? Why do you like it, and woodstock, what do you like best about creative essays, it?
My Favorite Movie: What is literary essay, your favorite movie? Describe the characters, the creative, story, and what you like best about the movie. The Best Thing That Happened This Year: What is the best thing that happened to on martin luther king you this year? What was it and what effect did it have on your life? How did it make you feel and autumn essays, how did it change you? The Most Beautiful Place I've Ever Seen: What is the most beautiful place that you have ever seen? Describe this place and write about where it is, what it looks like, and how you felt when you saw it. The Best Thing I've Learned in School: Write about the american essay, most valuable thing you ever learned in school. What made it so useful for you?
What I Like Best in School: What is your favorite part of the school day? Write a page on what you like the best in autumn essays school. My Best Birthday Ever: Write a page on the best birthday you ever had. Describe what made it so special. The Best Gift You Gave: Write about the in a, best gift you ever gave. Who did you give it to and why did you give it to them? What made it a great gift? The Best Gift You Received: Write about the autumn, best gift you ever received. What was it and why did you like it so much? What made it so special?
The Best Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the in a, best food you ever had. What was it and why did you like it so much? Have you had it again? The Worst Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the autumn, most horrible food you ever had. What was it and why did you dislike it so much? Have you had it again?
Craziest Meal: What is the essay biography on michael, craziest meal you can think of? What foods would be in creative autumn it? Who would make the were the causes of the american, food and where would it be served? Who would eat it? Who would like it? My Best Vacation Ever: Write a page on autumn essays, the best vacation or trip that you ever had.
Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and why you enjoyed it. Vacation: My Worst Vacation Ever: Write a page on the worst vacation or trip that you ever had. Paper. Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and why you enjoyed it. What is the Farthest You've Ever Traveled: What is the longest distance you've ever traveled? Where did you go, who did you go with, and what did you do when you got there? What was the highlight of the autumn essays, trip? Fastest You've Ever Traveled: What is the Fastest You've Ever Traveled? What is the fastest speed at which you've moved? What type of vehicle were you in? Where were you and where did you go?
Who were you with, and against essay war, why were you traveling. The Funniest Thing I've Ever Seen or Heard: What is the essays, funniest thing that you've ever seen or heard? Maybe it was a joke that a friend told you, a comedy routine, or a scene in a movie. Woodstock. Describe this amusing event and tell why you thought it was funny. The Scariest Thing That Ever Happened To Me: What is the scariest thing that ever happened to you? Describe this event and write about creative, why it scared you. What I Worry About: What do you worry about? Describe something that worries you. Write why it worries you, how it affects your life, and how you might be able to solve this problem. The Biggest Thing I've Ever Seen: What is the largest thing that you have ever seen?
Describe this huge object and write about when you saw it, where it was, and how you felt when you saw it. The Most Annoying Things: Write about the most irritating, bothersome things in your life. A Good Personality Trait: Think of a person you really like or admire. Term. Think of autumn, a personality trait that makes them so special. Literature Review In A. Write about this good trait and autumn, why you like it. A Bad Personality Trait: Think of a person you really dislike. Think of a personality trait that makes them so unpleasant. Write about this bad trait and why you dislike it. The Hardest Part of Being a Kid: What do you think is the hardest part of were the causes american essay, being a kid? How could you make this difficult part of autumn, your life easier?
The Best Advice Your Mother Gave You: Write about the best advice your mother ever gave you. What was it and why was it important to against you? How has it affected your life? The Best Advice Your Father Gave You: Write about the autumn essays, best advice your father ever gave you. Literature Review In A Report. What was it and why was it important to you?
How has it affected your life? The Oldest Thing You've Ever Seen: What is the oldest thing you have ever seen? Write about what it was and how old it was. Where did you see it? What did it make you think. The Most Fascinating Thing You've Ever Seen in essays the Sky: What is the most interesting thing you have ever seen in on michael jackson the sky? Write about what it was and what it looked like. Where did you see it?
What did you think about creative, it? Most Important Person: Write a page on who you think is the most important person alive in the world today. Describe this person and write about argument war, why they are so important. Autumn. How could you be more like this person? A Personal Accomplishment: Write about something that you worked hard to accomplish. School Kids Essays Luther King. How did you go about essays, succeeding? Why did you want to accomplish this particular thing? How do you feel about your accomplishment? What other things do you want to accomplish?
Autobiography: Write the literature review in a report, story of creative essays, your life. Literature In A. Start with your birth and continue the adventure up to the present. How Are You Different?: Write about what makes you different from other people you know. Creative Autumn Essays. How do you think this will affect your life? Self-Portrait: Draw a self-portrait, and describe yourself in writing. Three Words Describing Yourself: If you had to describe yourself using only three words, what would words would you use and why? My Family: Write about the members of your family. Describe each person and what they mean to you. My Town: If an essay out-of-town visitor was coming to creative autumn essays visit, where would you take your visitor?
Describe the best places around your town and term, why they are so interesting. Write about parks, museums, lakes, stores, restaurants, and autumn, other places you enjoy. What I Want To Do When I Grow Up: Write a page on essay, what you want to do when you grow up. What career do you want and what do you want to accomplish? An Act of Kindness: Write a page on something nice that you did for someone, or on something nice that someone did for you for no reason. A Good Deed: When was the last time you did something nice for someone without them asking you? Write about creative autumn essays, what it was that you did and of the essay, why you did it.
How did the other person react, and how did you feel about your good deed? What about next time? A Dream I've Had: Describe a dream that you've had. How did the creative essays, dream make you feel? The Best Thing I've Learned in School: Write about the essay, most valuable thing you ever learned in creative autumn school. Argument. What made it so useful for you? The Most Exciting Thing in Your Life: What is the most exciting thing you have ever done? Write about what it was, when it occurred, and where. Has it changed your life. I'm an Expert: Everyone is great at something - write about what you do best. Creative Essays. It could be a hobby, a sport, reading, playing chess, or anything else you excel at.
What's Bugging You?: Think about term paper, something that annoys or bothers you. Write about what it is and why it bothers you. What can you do to make it less irritating? My Earliest Memory: What is the first memory you have of your life? Write about what you remember, how old you were at the time, and why you think you remember this event in particular. Creative Autumn Essays. What do you think of this event now?
Giving Thanks: Write a page on what are you most thankful for in life. My Personal Hero: Who is your personal hero? Write a page on were the causes essay, your hero's accomplishments and autumn, what makes that person a hero. If you don't have a personal hero, describe the against argument war, characteristics that someone would have to essays possess to be your personal hero. A Person You Admire : Who do you admire the most? Why do you respect this person so much; what have they done to deserve your respect. My April Fool Joke: Who would you like to play an April Fool's Day joke on? Why would you like to do this, and theory, what would you like to do? When I'm Eighty: Write an autumn essay as though you were 80 years old, looking back at your life.
What have you accomplished, what are you proudest of, what is the were of the revolution essay, world like, and do you have any regrets? How Are You Like Your Mother?: Write about creative, how you are like your mother. Do you look at all like her? Do you have any traits in common? What parts of your personality are like hers?
How Are You Like Your Father?: Write about how you are like your father. Essay. Do you look at all like him? Do you have any traits in common? What parts of creative, your personality are like his? When I Look in the Mirror I . Literary Theory. : What do you see when you look in creative autumn the mirror? Describe what you see, how you feel about literary theory essay, your own reflection, and what it prompts you to do. Thanksgiving Tradition: Write about autumn essays, one of your family's Thanksgiving traditions. School Kids Essays On Martin Luther King. Describe it in detail, tell how you feel about it and creative autumn, what it means to you.
Christmas Tradition: Write about one of your family's Christmas traditions. Woodstock Term. Describe it in detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Bad Day Solutions : When you are having a bad day, what do you do to creative essays make yourself feel better? Does it always work? Write a story about paper, simple pictures - dozens of pictures to write about. Draw and Write 3 Things: Writing Prompts.
Other Topics (Not Printouts) : Guide to Writing a Dinosaur Report - How to go about the daunting task of writing a paper on a dinosaur. Creative Autumn. Not a printout. For younger students : A teacher recently wrote and told of a great new way to get kids to write. She had two stuffed animal mascots in her classroom. Each animal had a notebook and every weekend a different child took the stuffed animal and the notebook home and wrote about king jr, what they did together over the weekend. On Monday mornings the class read, discussed and critiqued the creative autumn essays, writing.
It was a great way to get kids to write and they LOVED it.