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Bravely baring it all: Photographer captures amputee war veterans posing naked and Level - 1500 proudly revealing their injuries in powerful picture series. Owl Purdue? Published: 16:35 BST, 17 July 2015 | Updated: 15:37 BST, 25 July 2015. Some wounded war veterans, above all else, just want to feel normal again. And when photographer Michael Stokes, 52, gets down to business, they do. That's because Michael doesn't shoot traditional solemn photos, posing amputee soldiers looking grave in their uniforms and prosthetics. Instead, the Essay - 1500 Words Los Angeles, California, resident spotlights these men and women in all their naked and reaction paper essay nearly-naked glory with sexy, confident shoots that certainly say: 'I've still got it.' Scroll down for - 1500 Words video. Take a picture: Los Angeles-based photographer Michael Stokes photographs wounded veterans like BT Urruela (pictured) for 3rd world paper his photo series. In camo: BT (pictured before his injury), like all the vets Michael photographed, fought in the Middle East with the US military. Brave guys: Michael said that he talked to vets like Redmond Ramos (pictured) first, to make them comfortable.

Spotight: The 52-year-old photographer said that he doesn't restore confidence for the veterans he shoots (like this Sgt Bryan Anderson, pictured before and after his inury) - they come to him already confident. Michael started the Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words project unintentionally in 2012 when he photographed 26-year-old U.S. Marine Alex Minsky , a Purple Heart recipient who lost part of his leg when his truck ran over a roadside bomb in Afghanistan. 3rd World Essay? Alex had sustained multiple injuries in the incident - including a broken jaw and traumatic brain injury - and suffered from depression and alcoholism when he came home. Dramaturgy? But after pulling himself out of an essay of female teachers, those dark times, he started bulking up again at the gym - and High Dramaturgy Words eventually earned the attention of essay, Michael, who asked to photograph him. Instead of looking grim or sad in a wheelchair, Alex posed confidently for Michael, showing off his bulging muscles and colorful tattoos in shirtless photos. 'I wanted to Level Essay Words approach it carefully,' Michael told Daily Mail Online. Owl Purdue? 'I was a fitness photographer who had an erotic edge to his images, and I wanted to shoot Alex the same way. But I didn't want him to be in the position where he could be embarrassed. 'But he was strong, he was solid,' Michael continued. 'So I thought, I'm gonna basically shoot him as if he's not an amputee.' While the Level Essay photos initially earned some attention, a year went by with no further progress.

Then, Michael said, Daily Mail Online wrote an article about bayaning paper, Alex and the unique photos - and High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words everything changed. Ben Franklin? 'If it wasn't for Daily Mail, it would have been another year [before the project progressed],' he explained. 'Within a few hours of the High Level - 1500 piece being posted, I got calls from Good Morning America, the Today show. Big media. And all of a sudden they all wanted him.' Princess Estelle does a somersault with her dad Prince Daniel. Essay? A glimpse at some of the High Level - 1500 courses on thesis, offer at Jamavar, London. High Level Dramaturgy Essay? Mortified Bake Off contestant leaves parchment inside her pie. Will there be a third? Doctor Foster finale's cliff-hanger ending. YouTuber Kate Ovens takes on owl purdue university, Village Hotels' Summer Sharing Platter. Ways to add magic to YOUR home this autumn. Hunky student gains over three-stone of muscle with vegan diet.

Wardrobe unopened in High Dramaturgy decades has crumbling shoes and 20-yr receipt. Hilarious moment man falls over bayaning bike after staring at girl. Shocking moment before a youth punches and High Dramaturgy Words kills a defenceless man. Funny little girl sums up every woman's thoughts on the gym. Moment man points out essay, shooter firing from hotel in Level Dramaturgy Vegas attack. Serving their country: The US veterans have all lost limbs - sometimes more than one - in an essay of female the wars in the Middle East. Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words? Military men: Subjects of the photo series previously served in the US Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines.

Fighting props: Some of the the pursuit of happyness essay subjects pose with guns, and a few wear their dog tags around their necks. Gaining clientele: After shots of High - 1500, Michael's first subject, Alex, went viral, other veterans approached him to participate in the pursuit of happyness essay questions similar shoots. Putting it all out there: None of the pictures are somber - instead, the High Level Essay Words veteran look sexy, strong, and essay confident. Now, when Michael contacts members of the veteran community with a request to shoot them, 'chances are that veteran already knows me'. He then meets with them beforehand, getting to know them and giving them an opportunity to get comfortable before getting in Essay - 1500 Words front of the camera: 'Usually I spend quite a bit of time with them first, so I've never really sensed a lot of nervousness.' The vets pose for Michael with and without their prosthetic arms and legs, sometimes holding guns or wearing their dog tags. A few shed all of their clothes, while others left more to the imagination. But what they all have in common is that they look strong, self-assured - and hot. 'Some people will say to me Oh, this is really helpful to their self-esteem, or, You’re making them feel like men again,' he told MTV News. '[But] these guys have come to me very healed and ready to take the world on. I’m not giving them back their confidence. They already have it.' Michael said that while most of the men he shoots are excited to see the pictures, there are occasionally some who are reluctant to publish them. 'I had one vet who was very severely injured and he had to take some time to sit on them before publishing them. He said he just wasn't used to seeing himself like that,' he told Daily Mail Online. But after two weeks, the vet gave Michael the OK - and was glad that he did.

'He was shocked by the response - people telling him how sexy he was, how beautiful he was, that he's a hero. Of Happyness Questions? He was genuinely shocked and surprised,' he said. Beginnings: Michael started the photo series with 26-year-old U.S. Marine Alex Minsky (pictured), a Purple Heart recipient. They've got personality: Redmond (pictured) dressed up his prosthetic leg with an American flag pattern - and showed it off in several of the photographs. Some of the veterans that Michael shot posed in with props and complicated backgrounds, while others (like the one pictured), stood or sat in front of simple sets. Level Dramaturgy Essay Words? Popular idea: Michael launched a Kickstarter campaign to publish his latest collection of photos and met his goal in two days. Procrastination Thesis? Michael has now published a photography book featuring some of the stunning images called Bare Strength, which is available on Amazon.

There is also a 2016 wall calendar including the Level - 1500 images from Bare Strength. A Kickstarter campaign for bayaning 3rd world reaction paper a third coffee table book, Always Loyal, reached its $48,250 funding goal in just two days, and High Dramaturgy has now raised over $202,000.While his first two books focused on male veterans, Always Loyal will also showcase women who've served their country. Michael said that he believes that the reason people have responded so positively to of female teachers the photos is because they focus less on Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words, the lost limbs and reaction essay more on the person's attractiveness. Level Essay Words? 'I think people notice that they are looking at a beautiful man or woman first, and then they notice that they are amputees,' he said. 'I think they don't notice the procrastination thesis amputation right away.' Of course, as nice as they are to look at, these pictures also go deeper than the average sexy calendar shots. 'You see veterans either in Level Essay a coffin or coming back able-bodies,' Michael said. 'These kinds of procrastination, intimate photos show an aspect of vet life that people have not been exposed to. It's a visible reminder of the price that the country has paid.' Taking it off: Michael photographs the High Dramaturgy Essay veterans with and without their prosthetic limbs - and with and owl purdue without clothing. Calendar models: Bare Strength is Dramaturgy - 1500 also available as a calendar for the 2016 year and procrastination thesis can be purchased on Amazon. Community man: Michael said that when he contacts wounded vets like Mary Dague (pictured), they often already know who he is High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 - thanks in part to the Daily Mail Online article that helped his project get attention in 2013.

Publishing the pics: Michael's upcoming coffee table book, Always Loyal, will feature women as well as men. Share what you think. 3rd World Reaction Paper? The comments below have been moderated in advance. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. Published by Associated Newspapers Ltd.

Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500, Sunday Metro Media Group.

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Download Page. Abstract by author: Over the past decade film critics have devoted increasing attention to the portrayal of male and female sex roles in American film, and much of this criticism has centered on the ways in which the film industry promotes traditional relationships and sex roles. Defiance of society's gender definitions is rare, and yet the film that presents cross-dressing (men dressing as women or vice versa) violently contradicts our preconceptions about High Dramaturgy male and female behavior. Self Confidence! Our identification of certain kinds of dress and manners with sexual and social status is pervasive. Although the cross-dressing film might appear to be an oddity, well over two-hundred films use some form of Dramaturgy Essay Words transvestism and bayaning 3rd world paper the concomitant sex role reversal as a motif or as a key device of the narrative. The silent period is marked by a great deal of freedom and variety in High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 the types of male and female cross-dressing, but from about 1935 to 1960, Hollywood self-censorship restricted female impersonation to farcical matrons of relatively low prestige. Women often gained in ben franklin status and freedom by imitating males, and High Dramaturgy Essay we see a wide range of types, from Dietrich's sultry cabaret performances to Doris Day's buffoonish portrayal of Calamity Jane. With the education of female, last twenty years, the incidence of female impersonation has increased dramatically, and it is marked by a flourishing variety of High Dramaturgy - 1500 types, many of which are powerful figures. Male impersonation, on the other hand, has diminished, and the vestigial imitation of masculine clothing represents not so much a role reversal as it indicates a natural extension of the growing variety of roles availability to 3rd world reaction paper essay women in our society. The method for examining the films is to analyze in some depth films that are representative of each decade, determining the extent to which the filmmakers and stars celebrate androgyny or, in contrast, the extent to which the film represents an attempt to reconcile the High Dramaturgy - 1500, male and female characters to standard sex roles.

The occurrence of the transvestite or androgynous figure sounds a discordant note, regardless of the decade or the type of film in which it occurs. Essay! From the silent period to the present day, films that reverse our unwritten codes of dress and mannerisms are telling indicators of the popular culture's beliefs about male and female identities. Publication No . 8128000. Bolin AE (1983). In search of eve: transsexual rites of passage . High Essay! PH.D. Thesis, University of Colorado at Boulder, DAI, Vol. 44-04A, p. The Pursuit! 1139, 404 pages. Abstract by Essay Words author: This study concerns 16 male transsexuals in the process of becoming women.

The research spanned two years using participant-observation as the primary method, supplemented by self in tamil life histories, questionnaires, and masculinity-femininity indices. The research involved attendance at weekly meetings of the Level Essay, Berdache Society, a transsexual support group, and procrastination thesis immersion in transsexuals' everyday lives. The transsexuals' metamorphosis was a patterned development that had the Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words, characteristics of a rite of passage. Their rite of passage was dramatized by important stages and self essay in tamil events that punctuated their progress towards the sex change surgery. The medical profession, transsexual intra-group interaction, stigma, and transsexuals' perceptions of women were the salient factors shaping their passage to womenhood. Transsexuals were followed as they separated themselves from their former male lives after finding the label transsexual, as they began a therapeutic relationship with their medical overseers, including female hormone therapy, as they prepared for and actually adopted the female role, and as they were finally incorporated into society as women after the surgical conversion. The approach taken here did not assume that transsexuals began their rite of High Level Essay Words passage with fully crystallized feminine identities, but rather regarded these identities as gradually emerging in conjunction with changes in social identity and physical appearance. Several findings of this study refute commonly held notions about transsexuals.

Transsexuals were not shown to have family histories with dominant mothers and absent fathers, exclusive homosexual orientation, effeminate childhoods, nor did they view their penises as organs of hate and disgust. In addition, contrary to reports in the literature, transsexuals generally were not hyperfeminine in gender identity or role. These findings may contribute to procrastination thesis the study of gender dysphoria and to a growing body of anthropological work on Level Essay, secular ritual and symbol in contemporary America. Publication No . 8317643. Bonfilio VP III (1980). Gender dysphoria: examining a typology . Procrastination Thesis! PH.D. Thesis, California School of Essay Professional Psychology, Berkeley/Alameda, DAI, Vol. 41-12B, p. 4652, 103 pages. Abstract by author: An ever-increasing number of ben franklin men are presenting themselves at mental health clinics and hospitals complaining of feelings of Level Essay Words discomfort with their gender and requesting assistance in preparing for and obtaining hormonal, surgical and legal sex reassignment to the female gender.

However, there has only been one replicatable study to determine, first, if these men form an homogeneous group and, second, what is the relationship of this group to other groups of men who have cross-gender feelings and behaviors. Ben Franklin Essay! Buhrich and McConaghy (1977a, 1977b, 1978, 1979) proposed a model for the study of differences between the within transsexual and transvestite groups. The primary objective of this study is to High Dramaturgy - 1500 test the generalizability of Buhrich and McConaghy's model to a diverse gender dysphoric population. The second objective of this study is to expand the utility of Buhrich and self confidence in tamil McConaghy's model by the measurement of personality characteristics of men who present with gender dysphoria complaints. Sixty-three participants were recruited from Dramaturgy - 1500 Words, three sources in the San Francisco Bay Area, two community mental health centers which serve persons with gender conflicts and a private organization of transsexuals and owl purdue university transvestites. Data were collected on these men by two interviewers using three types of instruments, questionnaire, structured interview and the California Psychological Inventory. The areas of inquiry included demographic information, family history and present living situation, experiences when growing up, feelings about body, history of living as a woman, cross-dressing, hormones and Essay sex reassignment, sex behavior, fetish, and dreams and fantasies. Based on the work of Buhrich and McConaghy (1977a, 1978), the paper, 63 participants were placed in four groups: true transsexuals (N = 20), fetishistic transsexuals (N = 18), transvestites (N = 11) and residual (N = 11).

Three subjects were judged to be psychotic and were eliminated from the study. The multivariate analysis of variance of the CPI scales by four groups simultaneously revealed significant differences between groups. However, the High Level, multivariate analysis of variance of the CPI by three groups, excluding the residual group, revealed no differences between groups. An inspection of the differences between four groups indicated that the residual group was significantly different from the other three groups in self in tamil terms of mental health. Since the residual group was not central to High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words the study, it was excluded from further analyses.

One-way analyses of ben franklin variance were calculated on interval level variables from the Essay - 1500 Words, questionnaire and the structured interview. Chi-square analyses were calculated on nominal and questions ordinal level variables. The analyses revealed differences between true transsexuals, fetishistic transsexuals and High Essay transvestites on 51 variables. Differences were most often found in the conceptual areas of sex behavior, living as a women, fetishism, cross-dressing and experiences when growing up. True transsexuals were found to rate highest on variables concerned with feminine and/or homosexual identity and an essay education of female behavior, followed in order by fetishistic transsexuals and transvestites. These findings are similar to the findings of High Level Dramaturgy Essay Buhrich and McConaghy. In conclusion, this study supports Buhrich and McConaghy's findings of differences between gender dysphoric groups. This study should be replicated on a larger sample in of happyness questions an effort to find personality differences between groups. Future research should compare Buhrich and McConaghy's model systematically with other models of gender dysphoria. Publication No . High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words! 8110171.

Bowman AR (1996). Acoustical and perceptual measurements of transsexual voice. M.S. Thesis, MGH Institute of Health Professions, MAI, vol. 35-01, p. 238, 33 pages. Abstract by author: Utterances produced by three male-to-female transsexuals were acoustically analyzed for feminine voice characteristics, including mean fundamental frequency, fundamental frequency range, shifts in fundamental frequency and breathiness. The utterances were also submitted to perceptual evaluations. Results for all the utterances produced by each speaker indicated variation in acoustical signal and no clear trend in any one acoustical characteristic for production of ben franklin essay feminine speech by transsexual speakers. Level Essay! Acoustical and perceptual analysis of individual utterances indicated that when all the ben franklin essay, vocal parameters were produced within the range for feminine speech, the Dramaturgy - 1500, speakers were perceived to be feminine. Publication No . 1381620.

Chang H-H (1990). Transvestite sub/versions: power, performance, and seduction in bayaning 3rd world reaction Shakespeare's comedies . PH.D. Thesis, The University of High Michigan, DAI, Vol. Owl Purdue University! 52-01A, p. 166, 208 pages. Abstract by author: This study is an attempt to explore the subject of female transvestism in Shakespeare's comedies under a feminist both/and politics of reading. The central discussion is situated among competing discourses on transvestism - the humanist one which emphasizes the discrepancy between the outer appearance and the inner essence; the modernist one which privileges the notion of a wardrobe of costume selves; the postmodernist one which exteriorizes gender as merely a corporeal stylization through costume, voice, gesture and body movement. Three theoretical frameworks - the materialist, the High Level Dramaturgy - 1500, deconstructive, and the psychoanalytic - are adopted to thesis map out respectively the ideological and theatrical sub/versions of the three individual plays - The Merchant of Venice, As You Like It, and Twelfth Night. The materialist approach highlights the political aspect of High Dramaturgy - 1500 gender fashioning the The Merchant of Venice. It explores Portia's courtroom cross-dressing as the site of university gender/race/class conflict: it challenges the gender/power asymmetry but reestablishes race and class hierarchies. The deconstructive approach offers a critique of the binary oppositions of masculinity/femininity, reality/appearance, signified/signifier, truth/fiction and origin/copy foregrounded by the theatrical practice of transvestism in As You Like It. It plays on gender indeterminacy and amplifies the Level - 1500 Words, dissonance of sex, gender and clothes created by the composite figure of Rosalind/Ganymede/boy-actor.

The psychoanalytic approach draws attention to the process of sexual differentiation and paper essay the heterosexual discourse of desire in Twelfth Night. It demonstrates how sexual difference between men and women is finally achieved in High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 the play by a repression of the difference within men and women: Cesario, Viola's transvestite internal-double, is irrevocably replaced by Sebastian, Viola's biological external-double. Working together, these three theoretical frameworks help to construct the plays as texts with multiple sites of struggle and contestation, and make my reading of them more self-consciously polyvocal and de-centered. As an university, on-going negotiation among the Shakespearean canon, feminist politics and poststucturalism, this study thus reads Shakespeare with reference to theory and, equally, reads theory with reference to Shakespeare. Publication No . 9116144. Chauncey GA Jr (1989). Essay! Gay New York: urban culture and the making of a gay male world, 1890-1940 . PH.D. Thesis, Yale University, DAI, Vol. 51-01A, p. 270, 416 pages. Abstract by author: This dissertation examines the construction of gay male identities and communities in ben franklin New York City, 1890-1940.

It analyzes the representation of homosexuality in popular culture and the street-level cultural dynamics that influenced the ways in which homosexually-active men were labelled, understood themselves, and interacted with others. High - 1500 Words! It focuses on the changing configuration of gender and sexuality in the construction of gay identities and in the boundaries drawn between normal and deviant men. By early in the century, the thesis argues, gay men had constructed a highly elaborated subculture, or a gay world, to use their own term, with its own institutions, argot, cultural norms and traditions, and geographical enclaves. This study examines the development of the commercial institutions-saloons, speakeasies and bars, bathhouses, cheap cafeterias and elegant restaurants-which sustained that world, the stratagems gay men developed to protect them, and the role they played in the process by owl purdue university which men identified themselves as gay. It argues that gay men developed extensive social networks on the basis of their sexual ties and shared experience of marginalization. They also created cultural institutions and rituals (such as regularly-held transvestite balls, some of which drew thousands of participants in High Level Essay Words the 1920s) that sustained and enhanced their communal ties and group identity, much as the ethnic theater and dances of immigrant groups did. And they forged a culture that provided them with the resources they needed to negotiate their presence in a hostile world and to resist internalizing the negative attitudes about homosexuals pervasive in their society. Publication No . 9015238. Costopoulos J (1986). Homosexuality on the new York stage: its critical reception, 1926 to university 1968.

PH.D. Thesis, New York University, DAI, Vol. 47-09A, p. 3243, 525 pages. Abstract by author: Public reaction to High Dramaturgy Essay Words homosexuality on the New York professional stage from 1926 to 1968 included measures taken by officials, particularly through forms of legal and procrastination administrative censorship. The Captive (1926) and Dramaturgy - 1500 Words The Drag (1927), the first two plays centered on a homosexual theme, precipitated raids on Broadway, arrests, trials, and jailings. Mae West's transvestite Pleasure Man (1928) was also raided. Subsequent productions with a homosexual content, to avoid being closed, became ambiguous. In the 1930s, Girls in Uniform and The Green Bay Tree escaped censorship action, but The Children's Hour, not equally covert in of female its homosexual implications, was denied the Pulitzer Prize and its production blocked in Boston and London. High Words! When the License Commissioner shut down Trio in 1944, the on the of female teachers, theatre community's unified protest led to legislation restricting outside interference in Level the theatre. Drama critics exerted another kind of censorship by determining what was publicly acceptable, but their positions were often as ambivalent as the productions themselves. They blamed Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955) with being evasive, but panned openly homosexual plays, such as The Immoralist (1955) and Compulsion (1957).

In the late 1950s and 1960s, certain critics attacked homosexual playwrights, notably Tennessee Williams, William Inge, and Edward Albee, for the submerged homosexuality in their plays, and boycotted dramas, such as Fortune and on the of female Men's Eyes (1965), which unrestrainedly depicted it. By the early 1960s, homosexuality in American performance succeeded irrespective of - 1500 reviews; British dramas containing homosexuality flourished on Broadway, and a homosexual theatre group, the of happyness essay questions, Caffe Cino, inaugurated Off Off-Broadway. With the success of The Boys in the Band (1968), which paralleled the emerging gay liberation movement, homosexual theatre acquired a freedom that continues to the present. The dissertation relies heavily on newspaper and magazine articles in examining contemporary public and dramatic reaction. It studies text and Essay production modes of significant plays to compare productions with critical response. Publication No . 8614497. Crawford KV (1984).

The transvestite heroine in Seventeenth-Century popular literature . PH.D. Thesis, Harvard University, DAI, Vol. 45-07A, p. 2109, 391 pages. Abstract by author: This is a study of procrastination thesis a recurrent image in seventeenth-century popular English literature - that of the woman in masculine disguise. Chapter One traces an outline of the Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, history of owl purdue attitudes towards transvestism in the West, and links cross-dressing with various concepts of androgyny.

The Elizabethan literature on the subject of Amazons is referred to, and an eighteenth-century transvestite's autobiography is examined. This chapter concludes with a survey of nineteenth- and twentieth-century feminist explanations of female transvestism. Chapter Two provides some background information against which to read the material in subsequent chapters. The meaning of Level Essay - 1500 masculinity and femininity in seventeenth-century England is examined. On The Teachers! I look at Dramaturgy - 1500 the role of procrastination thesis women in the religious and High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 political movements of the period, as well as discussing pamphlets, tracts and poems written by women. Confidence In Tamil! Finally, this chapter discusses the controversy over fashions in Level Essay - 1500 Words clothing which were perceived as blurring the distinction between men and women. Chapter Three is concerned with the ballad, which I argue is both a medium by means of which the dominant ideology is expressed at the popular level, and bayaning reaction paper essay a means of High Level - 1500 subversion. Chapter Four examines the hamlet thesis, transvestite heroine in Shakespeare's plays, whilst Chapter Five scrutinises the gender-disguised woman in Level Dramaturgy non-Shakespearean drama. I discuss this character under various headings, such as the satirist of male manners, the owl purdue, woman stripped of social protection, the self-sacrificing.

Chapter Six is High Level Dramaturgy - 1500, a study of the extant writings about Mary Frith, the Roaring Girl. I refer to satires, plays and a biography. Publication No . 8419319. Devor HJ (1990). A comparison of gender schema constructs and conformity among female-to-male transsexuals, lesbian and heterosexual women. PH.D.

Thesis, University of Washington, DAI, Vol. Essay! 51-06A, p. 2160, 367 pages. Abstract by author: The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and a version of the Sex-Rep Test were administered to 30 female-to-male transsexuals, 30 lesbian and 30 heterosexual women. High! The BSRI measures conformity to dominant gender schema gender role constructs; the Sex-Rep Test measures conformity with personal gender schema gender role constructs. I hypothesized that female-to-male transsexual participants would perform on these tests similarly to men, that heterosexual participants would be the most traditionally feminine of the three groups, that lesbian participants would be the least gender role conforming, and that Sex-Rep Test results would show the hypothesized trends more strongly than would the BSRI. The data provided some support for these contentions.

BSRI Femininity scores for all three groups unexpectedly were not significantly different from one another and within the normative range for men. This may have been a result of a stronger than expected feminist bias among lesbian and questions heterosexual participants. BSRI Masculinity scores for heterosexual women were within published norms for females; transsexual and lesbian participants' Masculinity scores were within the normative range for males but lesbian participants' Masculinity scores were not significantly different from Level Words, those of heterosexual or transsexual participants. Sex-Rep Test personal gender schema gender role constructs showed little overlap with those on the BSRI. Sex-Rep Test Femininity and Masculinity scores for transsexual and lesbian participants differed from the pursuit essay, BSRI scores in the expected direction. Heterosexual participants' scores did not differ significantly on either scale or test. Female-to-male transsexual participants tended to be categorized, as expected, into high Masculinity gender role categories. Heterosexual participants tended to be categorized, as expected, into high Femininity gender role classifications. High Essay - 1500 Words! Lesbian participants were least consistent in their gender role categorizations, thus supporting their hypothesized position as least traditional of the three groups. In conclusion, I argued that variations in gender role categorizations among the three groups might be partially accounted for by variations in the gendered sexual identities of the three groups rather than simply by gender or sex.

I therefore suggested a model of the social construction of gendered sexuality. Publication No . 9025997. Donnell SE (1994). Clothes make the man: transvestism or the re-dressing of masculine identity in the pursuit of happyness spanish golden age and colonial theatre. Level Essay - 1500 Words! PH.D. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, DAI, Vol.

55-09A, p. 2854, 260 pages. Abstract by author: If we rethink our traditional readings of the comedia as a conformist genre, we discover that gender identity in Early Modern Spain and Colonial America was more fluid than previously thought. By employing feminist and gender theories, I expose the categories of man and woman as performative gender identities, repetitions which have no essential nature. My chapters on Lope de Vega's peninsular work, El paraiso de Laura, and Sor Juana's colonial piece, Los empenos de una casa, pay special attention to the power that the male cross-dresser derives from cultural anxiety over instability in gender and its alliance with the transgressive power of the gracioso (or 'comic figure'). University! I also discuss the High Level Dramaturgy Words, classed dimensions to these gendered subversions as well as other intersecting identities, such as political identity and ethnicity. In my chapters on Monroy y Silva's peninsular comedia, El caballero dama, and ben franklin Calderon de la Barca's libretto for the zarzuela, La purpura de la rosa, I turn to High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 cross-dressing in mythological themes and their performance. My study of Monroy's version of the myth of the cross-dressed Achilles places emphasis on both the betweenness of the cross-gendered subject, known as Aurora, and the actress' performance of zig-zagging gender and class identities. The final chapter deals with Calderon's retelling of the love triangle between Mars, Venus, and Adonis. Here I look at ben franklin the cross-gendered performance of masculinity in the context of female singers playing the roles of the mythological heroes, especially in Level - 1500 colonial and present-day revivals. In all four chapters, I focus on the pursuit of happyness, how cross-dressing leads to the possibility of same-sex desire which, in turn, undermines closure in High Words the comedia.

These transvestite comedias undermine both generic conventions of form and content as well as past interpretations of the comedia as a monolithic genre. The conventional attempt to re-establish order through marriage becomes just another performative repetition in owl purdue these cross-gendered plays. Publication No . 9503750. Ezdinl L (1988). High - 1500 Words! George Sand's literary transvestism: pre-texts and education context s. PH.D. Thesis, Princeton University, DAI, Vol. 49-02A, p. 264, 291 pages.

Abstract by High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 author: This dissertation situates George Sand within the sociological context of women writing during the Romantic period in France. Most critical work to university date presents Sand as the only talented woman in a male canon and concludes that she is the prototypical woman writer of the period. In contrast, I show that Sand's highly complex authorial self-representation can be properly interpreted only by relocating her literary career within the High Level Dramaturgy, socio-historical context of women's writing in France. The French Romantic period was characterized by the rise of the novel, the growth of the an essay education of female, publishing industry, and the commercialization of literature. The thesis demonstrates how intense sexual rivalry within the literary marketplace led to the concept of the High Level Dramaturgy Words, femme auteur as a pejorative label invoked by male critics to discourage female literary ambition.

I explore the tensions that resulted from such images for the women writing at the time, especially as they are reflected in an essay education teachers the prefatory practices of the period. I argue that the preface became an independent literary genre of great interest because it was associated with the construction of a marketable authorial persona. Level! I then analyze the strategies of women who used their prefaces to protect themselves from the threat of social and commercial marginalization. Finally, I position Sand in relation to an essay of female teachers other women writers of her period and Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words develop the ways in which Sand's literary transvestism served as a self-empowering literary strategy created to differentiate her from all other writers, both female and male. It is not because of her male pseudonym that Sand stands apart from other women writers of this period, but rather because of her status as a literary transvestite: a writer publicly perceived as having a double gender identity. While other French women writers of this period disguised their sex behind male pseudonyms, Sand alone succeeded in transforming her masculine signature into an authorial persona that was recognized as female yet categorized as male. The act of constituting herself as a male subject in her prefatory discourse when readers knew that George Sand was actually female signalled her as a different kind of woman: one who possessed male prerogatives, addressed her (male) critics as an of happyness essay questions, equal, and continually proclaimed her own difference. Publication No . 8804848.

Friedli LK (1987). Crossing gender boundaries in Eighteenth Century England. PH.D. Thesis, University of Essex, DAI, Vol. 49-11A, p. 3478, 471 pages. Abstract by author: This thesis is High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words, concerned with processes of owl purdue university gender constitution, transgression and transformation during the Eighteenth Century, with specific reference to three figures: the maternal woman, the Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words, hermaphrodite and the transvestite. The significance of these figures is discussed in relation to a series of debates regarding the meaning of sexual differences. Four sites are selected as examples of areas in which the term 'woman' gained new meanings: in relation to the law, the family, employment and the institution. The importance of competing versions of sexual difference is essay questions, then discussed from the perspective of an enlightenment epistemology, medical discourse and religious debate.

Texts from an eighteenth-century 'feminist debate' are then considered in terms of the Essay - 1500 Words, retheorisation of political subjectivity which provided a language for the articulation of 'female rights', and in terms of the specific concerns of self confidence female apologists. The examples of women who dressed as men, definitions of effeminacy and mid-century debates regarding hermaphrodites are used to provide an account of the possibility, meaning and Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words significance of gender transgression. In conclusion it is argued that during the Eighteenth Century, more precise definitions of gendered categories produced both normative versions of masculinity and femininity and the proliferation of gender deviants who became the focus of epistemological concern. Publication No . D-84396. Fryrear VL (1989). Transsexual students in the classroom: implications for teachers, counselors and administrators . ED.D. Confidence Essay! Thesis, Seattle University, DAI, Vol. 50-10B, p. 4794, 167 pages.

Abstract by author: This study examines the early childhood experiences of the transsexual in the family setting which might have contributed to gender dysphoria. Also examined are classroom experiences, including attitudes and practices of teachers, that may have influenced the transsexual identity. The Survey Instrument for Sample Population of Transsexuals and the Survey Instrument for the Sample Population of High Level - 1500 Parents of Transsexuals were developed to generate data about childrearing patterns inherent in the families of selected transsexual subjects and the classroom methods utilized by owl purdue teachers of these transsexuals. Dramaturgy Essay - 1500! These survey instruments were administered to twenty-five identified transsexuals and four parents of transsexuals in Seattle, Washington, and San Diego, California. An Essay On The Education Of Female Teachers! Summary statistics and analyses were compiled to determine commonalities and/or relationships. The study found several commonalities among the childrearing experiences of the twenty-five transsexuals in the sample.

Eighty-four percent said loneliness is common for them. Parents of these transsexuals disapproved of their children's sexual identities when the children were between the ages of six to ten years. These transsexuals were often ridiculed as being either sissies or tomboys. One hundred percent of the High - 1500, transsexuals interviewed related that they, as children, had often envied members of the opposite sex. Fathers were identified as the primary disciplinarian in self confidence essay the homes of these transsexuals, especially when the child had committed forbidden acts like dressing in High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words clothes appropriate for the opposite sex. Ninety-two percent remember being closer to their mothers than to their fathers. While the majority of transsexuals in of happyness questions this study waited until adulthood to decide to change their anatomical sex, 84 percent remember feeling different from others of their sex before the age of ten, and 60 percent knew before the age of five. Sixty percent stated that their fathers were physically or psychologically absent during most of the transsexuals' early childhood years.

Ninety-six percent of the transsexuals interviewed remember negative relationships with other students and some teachers. Physical education classes were listed as the Level Essay, most traumatic. While many childhood and school-related problems were discussed, most participants perceive transsexualism as something that occurs before birth, not after. Publication No . 9007606. Gurvich SE (1991). Confidence! The transsexual husband: the wife's experience . High Level Dramaturgy Words! PH.D. Thesis, Texas Woman?s University, DAI, Vol. 52-08A, p. 3089, 159 pages. Abstract by author: The purpose of the pursuit of happyness essay this study was to investigate the impact upon a woman when her husband considers himself to be transsexual.

Specific areas examined included the woman's reaction to Dramaturgy - 1500 her husband's desire for sex reassignment, her coping mechanisms, and education teachers her use of support systems. In-depth interviews using open ended questions were used to obtain individual perspectives from the respondents. Level Words! Each interview was transcribed verbatim, and coded by the researcher and two other professionals for content themes. On The Education! The final form of the data was organized according to the research questions using quotations from the individual interviews to illustrate identified themes. Information concerning demographic data took on a supportive role to the content analysis of the interview. The 10 women in this study were impacted in many aspects of their lives by the fact that their husbands were transsexual. The women were initially unaware of the significance of their husband's transsexual feelings, and their perceptions of their relationships changed drastically after disclosure.

These women appeared to consider their partner to be in charge of the relationship and experienced themselves as fairly powerless in the situation. Strong emotional and physical reactions were present in these women, including: feelings of Level Dramaturgy Essay Words abandonment and self confidence essay rejection; shock, horror, and disbelief; anger and feelings of betrayal; depression and anxiety; feelings of helplessness and confusion; self blame; loss of self confidence and self esteem; weight changes; sleep difficulties; and stomach and digestive difficulties. The women felt that their husbands had unrealistic views of being female in today's society. The women's sexual relationships with their partners were affected, as well as the women's feelings about their own femininity. Minimal support was available to help these women deal with their experience. The women were concerned that their partner's transsexualism would negatively impact their children. Level Dramaturgy Essay! The women's expectations for the future were drastically affected by their husband's transsexualism, and these expectations were overlaid with fear of future relationships.

Publication No . 9203121. Hausman BL (1992). Demanding subjectivity and on the producing gender: transsexualism, semiotics, and High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words the technologies of medicine . PH.D. Self Confidence Essay In Tamil! Thesis, The University of Iowa, DAI, Vol. 54-02B, p. 1139, 350 pages. Abstract by author: This dissertation is an examination of the High Level Essay - 1500, emergence of modern transsexualism and the production of the concept of gender in the twentieth century. Hamlet Procrastination! The definition of transsexualism - a gender identity disorder that manifests itself in the desire to change sex - relies on management protocols developed in the 1950s for the treatment of intersexual patients. In this context, the Level Essay - 1500, term gender was used to describe a subject's psychological orientation toward his/her physiological sex and its cultural meanings. The production of the essay, idea of gender to describe the social articulation of High Essay sex effected a semiotic reversal such that gender became the on the of female teachers, conceptual ground for sex.

Clinicians' and critics' reliance on High Level Dramaturgy Essay, the idea of gender as a cause for bayaning 3rd world transsexualism has limited both clinical management of High Level transsexual subjects and critical assessments of the cultural significance of the transsexual phenomenon. 3rd World! In addition, gender is a problematic category for feminism, since it is based in a theoretically untenable distinction between the natural body and its cultural identity. The theoretical analysis is High Level - 1500, derived from owl purdue university, Barthes' work on mythology and High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words Baudrillard's on simulated hyper-reality. Gender has transformed the semiotics of sex into a mythology that operates on the order of simulation. This transformation occurred as developments in the technologies of medicine made it possible to alter physiological signifiers of 3rd world reaction sex. That is, the human body can be made to Level Dramaturgy Words simulate the an essay on the education, other sex. The development of the idea of gender as the psychological core of sex is High - 1500 Words, one result of these developments in self essay technology that, while enabling intersexual subjects to have a sex at all, ultimately discredited physiology as a reliable signifier of sex identity.

Gender effects a compulsive deconstruction of the idea of sexual difference. This is enacted literally by transsexuals, who demand the excision of their sexual organs and the manufacture of High Dramaturgy new ones to reflect their felt sense of core gender identity. Transsexuals act as the agents of gender in the semiotic deconstruction of the body as signifier of sex. Feminists must resist the mythology of gender by reinvigorating theories of sex that avoid the nature/culture opposition between sex and gender. Publication No . 9318441. Hefner CJ (1994). Ludruk folk theatre of east Java: toward a theory of symbolic action.

PH.D. Thesis, University of Hawaii, DAI, Vol. 55-10A, p. 3225, 346 pages. Abstract by author: In this study I treat ludruk folk theatre of East Java, Indonesia as a dynamic, aesthetic performing arts genre that effectively works to evoke fundamental notions constitutive of the world view of the participants. Performances are considered as expressive cultural events which amplify and heighten issues of social importance drawn from everyday life. I explore how ludruk performances establish an important social and political forum, negotiating issues of control, power, authority, and local identity. Ludruk is meaningful in the lives of the in tamil, participants because it appropriates local meanings, and Essay - 1500 offers methods to of female teachers deal with sources of conflict and tension in their society.

Important to understanding context, I present an overview of the history and High Dramaturgy development of ludruk, explore the ben franklin essay, East Javanese social matrix, and discuss the High Level Essay Words, form and structure of the ludruk performance. Performance is then considered as a cultural method of procrastination thesis positing, legislating and channeling subjects of High Dramaturgy Words importance. Actors in ludruk align themselves with a larger, more encompassing social identity through the aesthetic use of sung poetry, dance, songs, music, and owl purdue melodramatic folk stories. Hypothetical constructs onstage allow the conceptual space for High Level Dramaturgy Words moral imagination enabling the participants to ponder alternatives for self social action. Through symbolic action in the performance, situations can be mocked, tested, discussed, and realized in a fashion not available through any other means. Two important characters, the transvestite and the clown, seek to reckon incongruities between social and political ideals and everyday lived experience. High Level Essay! The transvestite negotiates issues of gender, status and morals, while the privileged expressions of the clowns offer an incisive critical function. Through their use of cleverly constructed humor, sarcasm, and parody, the clowns in ludruk offer not only liberating cathartic relief, but also powerful social criticism.

Meanings emerge in the negotiated process of cultural interpretation and arbitration. A semiotic approach deepens our understandings of how performances enrich society, by essay moving analysis beyond a referential focus as the primary locus of High Essay meaning. Reading the of happyness questions, performance reflexively adds a resonating echo to the importance of social action portrayed on the ludruk stage. Publication No . 9506209. Hogan-Finlay MT (1995). Development of the Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500, cross-gender lifestyle and comparison of cross-gendered men with heterosexual controls . PH.D. Owl Purdue! Thesis, Carleton University, DAI, Vol. 57-06B, p. 4075, 00225 pages, ISBN: 0-612-08844-8. Abstract by High Level Dramaturgy author: This study had two main goals. The first goal was to questions test the hypothesis that a cross-gendered lifestyle progresses in Level Dramaturgy Words a developmental and invariant order. The second was to hamlet procrastination compare non-clinical cross-gendered men (N = 101) and heterosexual controls (N = 101) with respect to High Dramaturgy Words demographics, childhood experiences, psychological functioning and on the education of female gender issues.

The Cross-gender lifestyle encompassed different phases that progressed with age, in an invariant order for (84%) of the men in this study. This lifestyle occurred during two main age periods: adolescence through early twenties where private cross-gender activities predominate (fantasies, cross-dressing, fetishism), and the mid-thirties through early forties when a public cross-gender lifestyle occurs; some pass in public and use a femme name, while others take hormones, live more as a woman and may have sex-reassignment. Cross-gendered men were classified into three groups, Transsexuals, Group 1 (n = 27) identified most a woman, were most gender disturbed and High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words psychologically distressed, and took steps to live permanently as a woman. Transvestites in Group 2 (n = 51) identified with both male and female roles, were moderately gender disturbed, highly fetishistic, and confidence essay were satisfied to enjoy the High Essay - 1500 Words, cross-gender lifestyle on a temporary basis. Transvestites in Group 3 (n = 13) were similar to Group 2, without demonstrating physiological fantasies (breast, pregnancy, menstruating) of being a woman. The Cross-Gender Lifestyle Inventory developed for self confidence essay in tamil this research is proposed as a possible instrument to identify phases of the cross-gender development. Typically, transvestites and heterosexual controls were similar on demographics. Groups were discriminated only on having been dressed as a girl, gender identity, gender disturbance, fetishism, and, psychological distress: Transsexuals reported having been dressed as a girl during childhood more frequently than the two transvestite groups, controls were hardly ever dressed as a girl; Transsexuals were more highly distressed compared with transvestites and controls who scored within the Level Essay - 1500, normal range; Transsexuals identified more as females, were more gender disturbed compared to the tranvestites groups or controls. There is no support for transvestism being considered a psychiatric category. Publication No . NN08844. Hotchkiss VR (1990).

Clothes make the man: female transvestism in the Middle Ages. PH.D. Thesis, Yale University, DAI, Vol. 51-07A, p. Essay! 2375, 250 pages. Abstract by author: In numerous and diverse medieval texts women use gender disguise to participate in such male activities as monastic life, ecclesiastical governance, travel, business, rescue missions, and warfare. High Level Essay! A hitherto overlooked topic, female cross-dressing is so widespread in medieval literature and, to a lesser extent, history that feminine stereotypes, women's roles in literature, and the perception of women in the pursuit of happyness the Middle Ages must be reexamined in light of High Level this phenomenon. As alternative models for female heroism, disguised women combine traditional feminine virtues with male qualities such as adventuresomeness, strength, and perseverance. Paradoxically, however, the empowering force of male disguise reveals the the pursuit, limitations imposed upon women in medieval society since their success is contingent upon suppression of female identity. Words! Moreover, emphasis on the femininity of women in disguise often betrays biases against women; according to many sources women are exemplary precisely because they strive to be like men.

This study of medieval cross-dressing covers the essay, following topics: the Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, symbolism underlying the popular vitae of transvestite saints; the ben franklin essay, confluence of hagiography and biography in the historical case of Hildegund von Schonau; the legend of the female pope and its diverse interpretations before and during the Reformation; the High Level Essay - 1500, phenomenon of disguise in secular literature, particularly tales of wives and self confidence lovers who use disguise to rescue men or regain their affections; and, finally, extraordinary cases of female protagonists in courtly romance who experience a crisis of sexual identity. In these discussion, literary analysis is combined with sociological and historical approached to explore the wide range of meanings and manifestations of transvestism in the Middle Ages. Publication No . 9034212. Humphrey GW (1989). Cross-dressing in - 1500 males: the attempt to retain the comforting object . PH.D. Thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, San Diego, DAI, Vol. Bayaning Reaction Paper! 50-11B, p. 5318, 186 pages. Abstract by author: The present study investigated an alternative understanding of cross-dressing in males. Transvestism has traditionally been viewed as an oedipal problem, viz., anxieties associated with fear of bodily injury (castration anxiety) yield a compromised sexuality where erotic stimulation is safely achieved through a representation of the Level Dramaturgy, object (female clothing). Transsexualism has been seen as consequent upon an overly close symbiosis with mother resulting in problems of gender identity. Taking an object relations respective, the an essay on the education of female, present research conceptualizes both transvestism and transsexualism as related, preoedipal phenomena.

Use of female clothing is High Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, discussed in this context as a transitional object, i.e., assisting the cross-dressed individual to evoke a sense of soothing. Seventy-one birth-biological, adult, males were able to be assigned to a control, transvestite, pre-operative transsexual, or post-operative transsexual group based on DSM III-R criteria. Essay! Individuals completed a demographic questionnaire, an instrument developed by the researcher to assess stimulation versus calming function of Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words female clothing, the Hansburg Separation Anxiety Test (SAT), and the Bell Object Relations Reality Testing Inventory (BORRTI). A discriminant analysis was employed to derive variables which would best differentiate these groups. Results suggest both transvestites and transsexuals may use female clothing as a transitional object to dissipate anxiety, lift depression, and generally enhance feelings of calm and soothing. High scores on a clothing-to-soothe variable by post-op transsexuals (in the procrastination thesis, same range as transvestites), suggests an underlying sense of insecurity has not been assuaged by Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words SRS. Ben Franklin Essay! Lower scores of pre-op transsexuals on this calming variable are interpreted as failure of the transitional object resulting in a merger fantasy (SRS) seen as the antidote to Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 insecurity. Scores on anxious attachment (SAT) also discriminated groups, with both transsexual groups scoring highest. Anxiety around attachment issues is confidence, interpreted as suggesting a borderline level of ego organization in the three cross-dressing groups. Findings suggest that transvestism be removed from the DSM III-R paraphilia classification.

Further, there is some support for seeing transvestism and transsexualism as progressions along a continuum within the borderline personality spectrum. Lastly, further support is High Dramaturgy, offered to the growing evidence that SRS may served as a momentary palliative, but does not resolve the transsexuals elusive search for security. Publication No . 9009611. Jafari M (1997). A descriptive study of owl purdue male to female transsexualism: the Level Dramaturgy Essay, prevalence and bayaning reaction use of dissociative experiences . PH.D., California School of Professional Psychology, DAI, Vol. 58-05B, p. 2736, 109 pages. Abstract by author: The transsexuals' account of alienation and detachment from their biological gender, in particular from their genitals, is analogous to reports of individuals with depersonalization experiences. Depersonalization is Level Essay, a subcategory of the defense of dissociation. In this study the prevalence of dissociative experiences of Male to bayaning essay Female transsexuals was evaluated and compared to the prevalence of dissociative experiences in Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 a control group of males and females.

The study group consisted of twenty-seven male to female transsexuals. The control group consisted of twenty-seven males and twenty-seven females, matched to the study group in respect to age and education. The participants' ages ranged from twenty-one to sixty-five. The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the Questionnaire for Experiences of dissociation (QED) were used to assess dissociative experiences. Essay! A statistically significant difference was identified comparing the mean DES score of the group of MF-transsexuals with the entire control group, consisting of twenty-seven males and twenty-seven females (T = 2.5; P = 0.2). Forty-one percent of the transsexual participants compared to Essay - 1500 seventeen percent of the control group scored at an essay education of female or above the cutoff score of fifteen on the DES. This difference was statistically significant (p =.02). Twenty-two percent of the transsexual participants scored above twenty on the DES. A statistically significant difference was identified comparing the mean QED score of the MF-transsexuals with the Mean QED score of the entire control group (T = 2.5; P =.01).

Of the twenty-seven Male to Female transsexual participants, seventeen reported having experienced abuse including physical and/or sexual abuse. Ten participants did not report any abuse. The mean DES scores of the two groups of transsexuals (abused and not abused) were compared. The transsexual participants reporting abuse had a significantly higher mean DES score in comparison to transsexual participants who did not report childhood abuse (T = 2.6; p .01). In addition to this data, information on family history and personal meanings of femininity and masculinity are presented in a qualitative data analysis and the etiology of High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words transsexualism is reconsidered.

Further research is suggested to evaluate the occurrence of dissociation in transsexualism and, in general, in the etiology of gender disorders. Publication No . 9734269. Johnson Sl (1987). The relationship of the typological features of male transsexualism to psycho/social adjustment and ben franklin disturbance . PH.D. Thesis, University of Washington, DAI, Vol. 48-03A, p. 604, 121 pages. Abstract by author: Cumulative research on the psychological well-being of male transsexuals has concluded that mental health in this population varies along the entire spectrum of adjustment. As the debate on whether or not these variations are accounted for by some pathogenic mechanism within transsexualism has proven unproductive, another approach seeking to isolate the variables that moderate psychological adjustment has been undertaken. To date only one variable, gender reorientation, an indicator of High - 1500 gender adjustment, has been isolated.

In a search to uncover additional variables, this study examined features which have been empirically linked to characteristics of male transsexual typology. Data from 25 male transsexual volunteers was examined by means of multiple regression analysis to determine whether symptoms of introversion, depression or tension, as well as, adjustment to essay work and Dramaturgy Essay gender reorientation could be linked to bayaning paper the typological variables of Androphilia, Gynephilia, Cross-gender Fetishism, Feminine Gender Identity in Childhood and Age of Onset of transsexualism. Results indicate there is a significant relationship between social Gender Reorientation and the feature of Androphilia and between Work Adjustment and Level Dramaturgy Essay Words Gynephilia. This differential adaptation is explained in hamlet terms of the different course that transsexualism takes within each typological subgroup. These findings offer evidence as to why some transsexuals may more readily adopt a female gender identity than others, and - 1500 Words further validates the view that the sub-category of homosexuality-heterosexuality accounts for the greatest percentage of interindividual variation in the transsexual population. There was no relationship found between the typological features and those variables measuring psychological disturbance. The results are tempered by the limitations of sample size and sampling distribution.

It is suggested that further research include other variables in addition to those relating to typology. Publication No . 8713376. Latimer RM (1987). Genderplex: the hamlet, tradition of the transsexual character in western literature . M.A. High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words! Thesis, MAI, Vol. 26-02, p. 187, 100 pages.

Abstract by author: The transsexual character, who appears in Classical literature as a warrior, lover, or seer, possesses firm traditions upon which Modernist writers like Joyce, Eliot, Woolf, and Djuna Barnes capitalize in their own works. Ben Franklin! Modernist idiom portrays the transsexual as more of High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 a consciousness than a character, a fact arguing that the Modernist transsexual, like its forebears in Classical literature and in fairy tale, legend, and fantasy, succumbs to the representational norms of the university, era in which it appears. The Ovidian link of Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Tiresias and Narcissus, revived in Modernism, as well as other evidence suggests that the literary transsexual subsumes other sexual categories such as homosexuality, bisexuality, hermaphrodism, androgyny and narcissism. The Modernists use the questions, general transsexual figure and the revived Tiresias and Narcissus link to stand as a metaphor for the philosophical and aesthetic dilemmas subsequent to an empirical worldview. They also use the High Dramaturgy - 1500, transsexual to challenge the patriarchal worldview. Publication No . 1331689. Li SL (1995). Gender, cross-dressing and Chinese theatre. PH.D. Thesis, University of the pursuit of happyness essay Massachusetts, DAI, Vol. 56-08A, p. 3131, 229 pages.

Abstract by author: This dissertation employs an interdisciplinary approach to address the various configurations of the theatrical tradition of cross-dressing in classical Chinese drama as well as in today's regional operas, placing them in a larger cultural and theoretical context of High Dramaturgy Words gender studies. Drawing on cultural theory and viewing the various dramatic and performance texts as signs of historical processes, this study investigates gender construction and gender politics in Chinese theatre in terms of the highly mediated representations of 3rd world reaction women, gender, eroticism, and cross-dressing presented in Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words a variety of discourses from the ben franklin essay, Yuan period to Essay - 1500 the present time. Focusing on cross-dressing as a destabilizing force, it addresses issues of the male/female transvestite theatre and modes of erotic desire, the participation of self confidence essay female players in the cultural (re)production and subversion of gender differences in Level Essay - 1500 various historical moments, the thesis, figure of the woman warrior and the complexities of gender politics in representing female resistance and containment in relation to the contemporary sociopolitical context, the instability of gender representation in textual and visual media, and the generation of the unsettling notion of gender as performance in traditional Chinese theatrical discourse. The prevalent cross-dressing practice on High Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, stage combined with an obsession with prettiness and ben franklin essay artistry in traditional theatre criticism and aesthetics have engendered the subversive feminine, rendering Chinese theatre an unstable site of ideological contestation embodying a simultaneous perpetuation and dismantling of bipolar gender notions and sociopolitical hierarchies. Level Dramaturgy Words! This dissertation also attempts to an essay on the show that critical reflections on traditional culture can be made to High Dramaturgy Essay speak to the concerns of today's ideological resistance to political hegemony and cultural dominants, by way of the unveiling of polyvalent meanings of gendering and an essay on the education of female teachers gendered differences that are constructed, reproduced, dismantled, and High Dramaturgy Words contested in that particular site of Chinese culture, i.e., the theatre. Publication No . Bayaning Reaction Essay! AAI9541126. Miller JE (1993). High Words! Service and subjectivity: the cross-dressed woman in early modern english drama.

PH.D. Thesis, The University of Utah, DAI, Vol. 54-11A, p. 4104, 230 pages. Abstract by author: This dissertation begins with the notion that identity is a discursive formation, that we are produced by and limited to the kinds of things that are said or can be said about ourselves at any historical moment. Stories about cross-dressed women in early modern literature seem to represent an ben franklin essay, awareness of the constructed nature of gender and identity, and even some anxiety about the ability of High Level - 1500 Words social forces to define a person in any stable or natural way. In plays that represent the cross-dressed woman working in some way (the familiar girl-p., for instance), we can better understand the drama's contributions to procrastination society if we consider work or service as one of the major social forces that creates subjectivity, gives a sense of identity, and helps to define gender. Dramaturgy - 1500 Words! Although cross-dressing is often looked at university as a recurring phenomenon in a survey of the Renaissance literary scene, this is a more narrowly focused reading of three English plays with transvestite hero/ines representing a range of class status and High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words dramatic technique. By placing the issue of cross-dressing within the historical context of women's work in the Renaissance, we can see it as more than a psycho-sexual phenomenon, but as a way of affecting a woman's value in society. Social historians suggest that the growing separation of private households and public workspaces contributed to on the of female the oppression of early modern women. The cross-dressed hero/ines in Shakespeare's Cymbeline, Beaumont and Fletcher's Philaster, and Middleton and Dekker's The Roaring Girl challenge public/private and masculine/feminine dichotomies, and perhaps even binary thinking itself, as they take active serving roles and make themselves necessary to their communities.

If work is High Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, a social force that helps to shape us as subjects, it is important to consider cross-dressing as, at least in part, a strategy by which women avoided passivity and commodification, whether as ornamental wives or as overworked, underpaid drudges. These plays suggest that cross-dressing can be read as an implicating gesture that subjects a woman to service while allowing her to assert a kind of subjectivity usually reserved for ben franklin men who serve their society. Publication No . 9410300. Mumper AD (1989). Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words! Latent male gender dysphoria as measured by the GD scale of the MMPI: a prediction and construct validation study . PH.D. Thesis, The University of university Akron, DAI, Vol. 50-01B, p. 349, 265 pages. Abstract by author: Research focused on a criterion group of men who did not present to therapy with gender dysphoric complaints, yet were identified by the Gd scale of the MMPI as potentially having gender dysphoria.

The purpose of the study was to High Level Words (a) offer diagnostic confirmation of this potentially gender dysphoric group and Gd scale construct validation, (b) improve diagnostic confidence of gender dysphoria as a latent entity, (c) improve understanding of the Gd scale and gender dysphoria multidimensionality, and (d) explore nonbiological gender dysphoria dimensions. The study investigated five problems: (a) factor structure underlying the Gd scale, (b) validity of the Gd scale in applied nongender clinic settings, (c) the existence of latent gender dysphoria, (d) differences between high MMPI Scale 5 significant vs. nonsignificant Gd scale groups, and (e) generation of discriminant prediction equations to classify gender/nongender dysphoria groups. The design was ex post facto. Scales of the MMPI, MCMI, and Gd scale were employed and included a gender dysphoria variable predictor set (P1). This set was used in confirmatory, cross-validation, and discriminant procedures. Results revealed that (a) confirmatory evidence of procrastination gender dysphoric traits existed in individuals who had high Gd scale scores but who had not presented to treatment with gender dysphoria complaints; (b) the criterion group was confirmed as having gender dysphoric traits, therefore, the Gd scale withstood a test of construct validation; (c) P1 showed diagnostic prediction potential (rsp2 =.4756, p =.01); (d) three discrete factors underlie the Gd scale; (e) evidence of a subtype of Dramaturgy Words latent gender dysphoria was found; and (f) a discriminant prediction equation classified subjects at an 80% level, accounted for of happyness questions 40% of the variance, and High Level - 1500 Words remained stable in cross-validation with less than 10% shrinkage. Results suggested that a subtype of gender dysphoric men may exist that do not have transsexual anatomic rejection and ben franklin essay may not want to High Level Essay - 1500 be biologically different, but may want the feelings, interests, and activities of a female in a nonbiological sense due to discomfort and self essay in tamil a sense of inappropriateness about one's assigned sex. The Gd scale, in this initial investigation, appears to have diagnostic value in men who do not present with gender dysphoric complaints. As a first study, many research recommendations were made. Publication No . 8907758.

Piedmont O (1996). The veils of arjuna: androgyny in gay spirituality, east and west. PH.D. Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies, DAI, Vol. 57-06B, p. 4076, 401 pages. Abstract by author: The thesis is a hermeneutic phenomenological inquiry into Words the meaning of self confidence essay in tamil gay spirituality in the U.S and India utilizing the symbol of the androgyne as a tool for Essay Words investigation. Themes of gender transcendence, transformation, healing, psychic equilibrium, and embodied spirituality emerge in bayaning 3rd world reaction a cross-cultural analysis of religious symbols and myths of androgyny between Indian Hinduism and American gay culture. A perspective of archetypal and sociological meanings is presented, including an Level Dramaturgy Essay, understanding of gayness as a developmental force leading gay men through stages of individuation.

The author labels these stages as unconscious androgyny, homosexual identified, gay identified, and conscious androgyny. Part I deals with Western themes of androgyny related to sex positive, embodied consciousness, drawing from the Native American berdache tradition of third-gender transvestite men and women. The coming-out process is ben franklin, seen as a major developmental task for gay men that must be incorporated into High Level - 1500 one's identity before higher levels of spiritual growth can occur. The spiritual significance of drag and community space is questions, analyzed. Synthetic models of gay development are presented incorporating both essentialist and constructivist arguments. Part II presents Eastern themes of androgyny connected to homosexuality as found in Hindu literature and rituals in India. Level Dramaturgy - 1500! References to classical Hindu literature, including the Kama Sutra, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, reveal a historically positive attitude toward homosexuality and gender diversity. Description is given to a mythology of androgynous gods, including Ardhanarisvara, Siva-Sakti, Harihara, and Visnu/Mohini, relevant to the gay psyche. Specific reference to an essay education teachers Skanda as the god of homosexuals is given.

Eunuchs are analyzed as third-gender people inclusive of homosexuality and manifesting in literary, religious and sexual transvestism. Contemporary attitudes in India toward homosexuality reflect an emerging ambivalence characterized by both homophobia and open displays of same-sex eroticism. Particular attention is paid to the institution of Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words same-sex friendships, yaari, and its high value of meaning for owl purdue university Indian men. High Level Words! The study ends with a synthesis of Eastern and thesis Western perspectives into an energy (chakra) system incorporating images and symbols of relevance to gay ontology and spiritual development. Publication No . 9633907. Prosser JD (1996). Transitional matters: the body narratives of transsexual autobiography . PH.D. Thesis, City University of New York, DAI, Vol. 57-10A, p. 4372, 00429 pages. Abstract by author: Centering on the relations between transsexual bodies and autobiographical narratives, this dissertation argues that transsexual subjectivity depends on self-narration.

I network between published autobiographies, medical case histories and contemporary theories of gender and representation to consider how transsexuality has been shaped as an identity through autobiographical acts. High - 1500 Words! The somatic and social transitions of transsexuality are entangled with narrative transitions. Drawing on feminist, gender and hamlet procrastination thesis queer theory, this project also considers what transsexual trajectories can contribute to their current debates about sex, gender, the Level, body, narrative and of happyness essay questions construction. Publication No . 9707144. Schjelderup N (1994). High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500! Oral histories of black gay men and a black transgender person in the San Francisco bay area. M.A. Thesis, San Jose State University, MAI, Vol. 33-01, p. 66, 114 pages. Abstract by author: This thesis addresses the topic of the ben franklin, lives of black gay men and transgender people, using the disciplines of anthropology and sociology.

A literature review revealed that very limited information was available on this population. Twenty-five interviews were conducted with 13 people, using the oral history approach. The goal for this study has been to collect information about what the thirteen people interviewed see as important in their lives, and to contribute to a better understanding of a group of people little research has been devoted to in the past. Some of the topics addressed are: family relations, racism in the gay community, homophobia in the black community, choice of partners, relationships with women, and Dramaturgy Words the process of defining a gay or transgender identity. This thesis identifies some of the issues associated with being black and gay or transgender in regards to these topics. Publication No . 1358226.

Smith ME (1996). Owl Purdue University! Cross-dressing in men: the relationship of the male gender dysphoria descriptive dimensions to psychosocial development . PH.D. Thesis, Indiana University, DAI, Vol. 57-12B, p. 7744, 210 pages. Abstract by author: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between descriptive dimensions of the male gender dysphoria typology and resolution of conflicts in psychosocial development. For many years, psychoanalytic and core feminine identity theories dominated diagnostic and Level - 1500 treatment approaches to self in tamil male cross-dressing and contributed to a faulty dichotomy in the literature: sexual motivation (i.e., transvestism) versus gender motivation (i.e., transsexualism) for cross-dressing. Typology studies have attempted to broaden our understanding of the variations of cross-dressing through empirical identification of salient, descriptive dimensions. Another body of literature has investigated the psychosocial adjustment of cross-dressers and High Essay often gives a mixed picture. The present study hypothesized that three descriptive dimensions-cross-gender fetishism, autogynephilia, and adult gender dysphoria- would contribute to problems in resolving developmental conflicts because those dimensions represent, respectively, interpersonal inhibition, self-absorption, and self confidence years of identity confusion. Sixty-two adult males were volunteer participants in this study.

All acknowledged cross-dressing and experiences of feeling like a woman. The participants completed two questionnaires: the Measures of Psychosocial Development and a questionnaire that included scales used in previous studies to measure descriptive dimensions and socially desirable response tendencies, as well as items developed for Dramaturgy this study to assess additional descriptive dimensions, demographic information, and anecdotal information. Significant findings indicated that cross-dressers' self-identification in an essay education a transsexual direction, socializing in - 1500 Words a female role, and satisfaction with counseling were associated with resolution of conflicts in psychosocial development. Results did not support the hypotheses for the three descriptive dimensions. This may have been because the majority of participants in the study were well-educated, tended to present themselves in socially favorable ways, and had been in contact with a counselor. Reaction! An exploratory factor analysis revealed one apparently stable factor having to do with feminine gender identity and a less useful factor having to Essay do with sexual arousal. Discussion focused on the importance of the social aspects of cross-gender presentations and cross-dressers' apparent lack of awareness of or need to mask sexual issues. Publication No . Essay! 9716501. Rubin HS (1996).

Transformations: emerging female to male transsexual identities. PH.D. Thesis, Brandeis University, DAI, Vol. 57-04A, p. 1865, 268 pages. Abstract by author: Female-to-male transsexualism is a relatively new category of High Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 identity, though individuals have existed throughout history who have felt the way female-to-male transsexuals (FTMs) have felt. Men who start their lives in female bodies, at this historical juncture, identify as transsexuals and many use surgical and on the teachers hormonal medical technologies to become the men that they feel they really were all along. A significant portion of FTMs have had lesbian careers; they had once assumed and then discarded a lesbian identity. Yet, FTMs demonstrate a strong resistance to being identified as or with lesbians. They are not lesbian because they are not women. Though they have female bodies, they are male-identified.

These social facts plus a larger cultural context which confuses lesbian women and FTM transsexuals is explained by an historical analysis of the early 1970s; a critical epoch in the reformulation of modern categories of High Dramaturgy sex, gender and sexuality. The Pursuit Of Happyness Essay Questions! The 1970s saw a proliferation of categories of female-bodied deviance. Where once there had been gender inverts, modern America now has lesbians, cross-dressers and transsexuals. High Level! A revolutionary collaboration between feminism and lesbianism criticized and eventually erased the gendered identities which had previously structured old gay life (prior to 1970). The lesbian-feminist revolution required lesbians to university identify with and as women.

The new identity category, transsexual emerged as an alternate place for female-bodied gender inverts. Interviews with FTMs provide a phenomenology of FTM transsexualism to Level Dramaturgy Essay Words complement the history of ben franklin essay these categories. FTMs need to make sense of their lesbian careers, but most refuse an historical explanation. Instead, FTMs experience a deep, internal sense of difference from others with female bodies. They do identity work in order to organize this experience of difference into an identity and provide rationales for their transition from female to male.

FTMs locate their differences from lesbians deep within their flesh. Their essentialist rhetoric is analyzed for the function it performs in Level - 1500 Words justifying their extraordinary life projects. Publication No . Self Essay! 9626008. Steinmeyer SM (1986). Level Dramaturgy - 1500! Transsexuals in transition: the impact of a pre-surgical treatment program upon the pursuit psychological adjustment and self-esteem . PH.D. Thesis, United States International University, DAI, Vol.

47-05B, p. Dramaturgy Essay! 2216, 147 pages. Abstract by author: The Problem. The purpose of this study was to an essay explore the impact of a pre-surgical management program for transsexual clients upon the self-esteem and Dramaturgy psychological adjustment of confidence in tamil its participants. Methods. The study was a non-experimental post-hoc design. Two self-administered inventories, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and the Tennessee Self Concept Scale, were presented to 28 transsexual clients at the onset and at the conclusion of their participation in a pre-surgical treatment program which included endocrine treatment, cross-dressing and membership in an educational/support group under the supervision of a clinical psychologist. Level Dramaturgy Essay Words! For one-third of the participants additional data were available in the form of post-surgical repetitions of these measures. To supplement the psychometric information, survey questionnaires were distributed among past and current group members to solicit their experiential accounts of the program and thus to add a more subjective point of bayaning reaction paper essay view. Results. The t-test analyses of pre- and High Level Essay Words post-program measures revealed that many self-esteem variables were significantly improved in male-to-female subjects.

These gains appeared to hold for post-surgical subjects. Female-to-male subjects experienced a decline in ben franklin essay self-esteem, particularly with reference to family relationships. For subjects of both genders significant positive changes in - 1500 psychological adjustment occurred, the pattern of these changes appearing to be consistent with sex-role behavior of the adopted gender. A review of two-point profile codes revealed that the configurations were most frequently characterological in nature, and that a sense of non-conformity and independence was the characteristic most resistant to change over time. Correlational analyses of procrastination self-esteem and personality measures suggested that the adoption of gender-congruent behavior was not related to enhanced self-esteem. Survey responses emphasized the Dramaturgy Essay Words, value of the program as a source of bayaning essay information and Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 mutual support. 3rd World! However, these subjects indicated that they continued to High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 have difficulty in university establishing close or intimate interpersonal relationships. Publication No . 8617921. Theron A (1979). Level Dramaturgy Essay! Identification of male-to-female transsexuals and adjustment before and after sex reassignment.

D.LITT., University of South Africa, DAI, Vol. 41-04B, p. Essay! 1530, pages. Abstract by High Level Essay author: Ever since the sensational publication of Christine Jorgensen's sex reassignment operation in 1953 medical doctors are faced increasingly with requests by transsexuals for such operations. The result of this is that the hamlet thesis, number of sex reassignment operations increases every year. Despite this increase it appears that, compared to other psychopathological disorders, transsexualism is the field that receives least attention from researchers. This state of affairs has resulted in a situation where those who have to evaluate transsexuals for sex reassignment often have to Dramaturgy rely on their own subjective judgement instead of ben franklin scientifically based criteria. The problem of evaluation is Level Essay - 1500 Words, further complicated by the fact that some homosexuals and transvestites also apply for sex reassignment. Because they are regarded as poor candidates for on the of female sex reassignment it is essential that they should be identified as such during the evaluation. Although criteria exist for the identification of pseudo-transsexuals, practical experience has shown that it is often difficult to apply these criteria because the evaluator is dependent on the information which the patient is willing to Dramaturgy Essay Words divulge.

The majority of people regard their sex organs as important. Therefore the transsexual's request for sex reassignment is incomprehensible and unacceptable to most individuals. In the case of the hamlet, medical practitioner a further factor is added namely that he sees his task as the treatment of diseases and High Level Essay - 1500 not the amputation of healthy organs. On The Of Female! Furthermore the fact that very little is known about the postoperative adjustment of transsexuals causes surgeons to be hesitant to perform this type of operation and even to High Dramaturgy hold a negative attitude towards it. Due to ben franklin the dearth of knowledge regarding transsexualism and the problems surrounding evaluation, this research was undertaken.

The aims of this study were to determine if the adjustment of the postoperative transsexual is better than that of the preoperative transsexual and High Dramaturgy Words whether it is possible to distinguish between preoperative transsexuals and homosexuals with the aid of psychological measuring instruments. The subjects selected for this study consisted of 14 self-identified preoperative transsexuals, 14 postoperative transsexuals and 21 homosexuals. The results obtained by means of the Q-sort adjustment scale indicate that postoperative transsexuals are significantly better adjusted than preoperative transsexuals. This finding points towards the possibility that the sex reassignment operation could have a positive effect on adjustment. On account of this it is recommended that adjustment should be studied by means of longitudinal studies. In this way it could be ascertained to thesis which extent the adjustment and Level - 1500 self-concept may be influenced by sex reassignment.

The findings in connection with the bayaning 3rd world reaction paper essay, distinction between preoperative transsexuals and homosexuals show that neither the MMPI or BSRI were able to distinguish effectively. The results obtained with the BSRI, however, indicate very strongly that the nature of the masculine and feminine dimensions of the Level Words, transsexual and homosexual's personality require further research. This type of research may contribute towards a better understanding of the development of gender identity disorders as well as the confidence in tamil, transsexual's claim that his psyche is feminine. The Body Image scale as well as its sub-scale, Primary Genderal Characteristics, distinguished effectively between the preoperative transsexuals and homosexuals. It also appears that the Direct and Destructive aggression scales of the Picture Situation Test were able to Dramaturgy - 1500 Words distinguish effectively between these two groups.

It is therefore recommended that these scales should be included in the evaluation program of preoperative transsexuals. In conclusion it can be said that besides the above contribution this research has made, it also indicated that transsexualism is a field that needs more extensive research. More empirical studies are necessary and results should be published. By doing this a better understanding of and procrastination thesis empathy for transsexuals will develop, and those involved with the evaluation of transsexuals will be able to evaluate transsexuals on a more scientifically founded basis. Publication No . 0533822. Tully JB (1987). Accounting for transsexualism . PH.D. Thesis, Brunel University, DAI, Vol. Dramaturgy - 1500! 49-05B, p. 1960, 370 pages.

Abstract by author: This study reports the systematic collection of accounts from 204 transsexual subjects, most of whom attended the Gender Identity Clinic at Charing Cross Hospital (Fulham). A review of the literature covers cross gender behaviour in other societies, recent biological, social and psychological studies on 3rd world reaction paper essay, gendered and cross gendered behaviour, a medical history of transsexualism and High - 1500 Words 'sex reassignment surgery'. Psychological 'frames' for in tamil the study of cross gendered careers are derived from Level Dramaturgy, attributional theories, and self confidence essay in tamil symbolic interactionist approaches to the construction of High Essay - 1500 Words sexual categories of behaviour and experience. The collection of accounts follows a methodology derived from Harre and in tamil his associates' ethogenic approach to High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words the study of social behaviour, and the principles of generating 'grounded (sociological) theory' propounded by Glaser and Strauss. There is a short statistical section on owl purdue university, the population of research subjects as a whole. Transexuals' accounts, some 500 exerpts, are marshalled under nearly 200 headings and subheadings. These cover almost all areas of Level Dramaturgy Essay Words relevant life experience. The conclusions argue that there is ben franklin, a fundamental weakness in the imposition of psychiatric 'syndromes' on gender dysphoric phenomena.

Rather, 'gender dysphoric careers' are proposed as fluctuating enterprises in the construction of meanings, some meanings being more fateful and workable than others. An attributional - 'imaginative involvement' model to High Level Dramaturgy - 1500 account for transsexualism is explicated. The implications which can be drawn from this, for the way the owl purdue university, management of these unfortunate people could be improved, completes the - 1500, text. Publication No . DX82094. Vijnovic SA (1984). A profile of patients at a community agency serving sexual minorities . PH.D. Of Female! Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, DAI, Vol. High - 1500! 46-03B, p. Ben Franklin Essay! 950, 340 pages. Abstract by author: This study profiles individuals who sought outpatient care at a community agency specializing in the treatment of - 1500 sexual minorities.

Eight subgroups were extrapolated from the population. These included male and female subjects self-identified as homosexual, heterosexual, transsexual or bisexual). These groups then responded to a 10-p., 52-item questionnaire assessing demographics, previous psychiatric history and symptomatology, family, sex and drug and alcohol history. Descriptive and analytic comparisons were then offered for these variables across these subgroups. Publication No . 8617921.

Wilchesky M (1995). Primary and secondary processes in male transsexuals participating in a sex reassignment programme. PH.D. Thesis, University de Montreal, DAI, Vol. 57-04B, p. 2892, 00302 pages, ISBN: 0-612-08494-9.

Abstract by author: This study set out to reexamine male transsexuals to ben franklin essay observe whether they demonstrate a higher level of psychopathology than do heterosexual males. Our interest centred on whether such psychopathology would emerge in primary and secondary process manifestations. Some earlier investigations have resulted in positive findings to this question. However, the groups with which the transsexuals were compared were not selected from a pool in which the context was analogous. Both Hammond (1984) and - 1500 Murray (1985) have suggested that in bayaning 3rd world paper essay future research a control heterosexual group be selected from those who are in Dramaturgy a relevant clinical context. Responding to these recommendations, we compared 20 gender dysphoric males who had been accepted into a major hospital's transsexual programme, with a group of 20 heterosexual male controls, who were on a waiting-list for genital surgery, and owl purdue with a third group of 20 male homosexuals from High Essay - 1500 Words, a university gay group.

The major instrument was the Rorschach inkblot test, scored according to the Holt and Exner methods. Half of each group of subjects was tested by the same female examiner, and half by a male. Protocols were tape-recorded and transcribed to avoid tester bias and to maintain accuracy. Each of Holt's four areas was analyzed by 3rd world paper essay an expert psychologist, who was blind as to the subjects' group identity. Each of Holt's four areas was analyzed: content, formal deviations, control and defense, and overall ratings of High Dramaturgy Words total response. Particular focus was directed on Holt's Defense Demand (DD) in responses with libidinal and hamlet procrastination aggressive content; Holt's formal deviations, defense effectiveness and adaptive regression; and Exner's form level (X+%), Special Scores, and Schizophrenia Index, to allow for comparison with Murray's study. MANCOVA's were performed to analyze the data to correct for age and socio-economic status, and to Level Dramaturgy Essay provide adjusted means for the three groups.

IQ was equivalent across groups. Results showed no significant differences on seven of these eight groups of essay measures between the transsexual and Words the control groups. However, a difference was observed on occurrences of a milder form of Exner's Special Scores. This distinction was observed within the context of a good level of formal deviations, defense effectiveness and adaptive regression equal to those of the heterosexual controls, and has been interpreted as an indication of the Ego's creative efforts to integrate those parts of the hamlet thesis, whole which are hard to reconcile. This study indicates that the two groups are not significantly different as manifested in primary and secondary processes production. It would appear that the control of contextual variables (i.e. preparing for genital surgery condition for both the gender dysphorics and the heterosexual controls could have been pivotal in reversing and minimizing Murray's results. However, it must also be remembered that the anxiety level of the controls might have been magnified since they were considerably closer to surgery than the target group. The homosexual group demonstrated more unrestrained flamboyance of expression (i.e. libidinal and aggressive fantasy material) and minor formal deviations of thought processes than either one or both of the High Level Dramaturgy Essay Words, other two groups, albeit in a socially acceptable way (defense effectiveness and adaptive regression). The discussion takes into account certain factors which limit the generalization of these results to the populations involved as a whole. Publication No . University! NN08494.

The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Level Dramaturgy - 1500 Words Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors . These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of 3rd world reaction a collaboration with Dr. Level Essay - 1500 Words! Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton. Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of ben franklin a gay lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of Dramaturgy - 1500 charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject ( is located. Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media , University of Calgary . She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages. The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on owl purdue, the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications. This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues . Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors .

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In an essay of 1500 words consider the ways in which Top Girls

An Introduction to Satire: A Modest Proposal. I was a junior in High School when I was first introduced to satire. I had been fluent in sarcasm for High Dramaturgy, some time, but it was in the pursuit questions my AP English class that I first became very, very confused. We were instructed to come into the class, sit at our desks, and read the paper on our desks without speaking to one another. This wasn#8217;t abnormal, as our teacher often conducted weird class experiments. High Level Dramaturgy Words? There on our desks was a thick packet with the cover page facing up, #8220;A Modest Proposal#8221; by Jonathan Swift. A Modest Proposal: The Perfect Example of Satire.

While the class read through it, heads turned and confidence essay, concerned eyes met from students around the room. I remember rolling my eyes at a friend muttering how crazy our teacher was. (I had no idea why we were reading this or what it meant.) Swift#8217;s, #8220;A Modest Proposal#8221; outlines the solution for the famine in Ireland in the early 1700#8217;s. The solution proposed by Swift is that poor families should sell their newborn babies to rich families to eat. He explains how logical it would be for High Dramaturgy Essay Words, poor families to make money, have less children to feed, and for rich families to essay, have a high quality protein source. Swift is as kind as to High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words, include different ways and suggested recipes for cooking these babies. The Pursuit? When we finished reading our teacher asked us what we thought of the High Essay - 1500 Words piece. Students began commenting, #8220;What is ben franklin essay, this?#8221;, #8220;Is this real?#8221;, and then #8220;Hey, doesn#8217;t sound like such a bad idea.#8221; Before we got too far into our heated debate, our teacher introduced that this was satire . We still smiled blankly, but he finally began to explain the concept.

Here is the definition of High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words satire according to Google: The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people#8217;s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. In this case, Swift used satire as a way to express the issue of poverty in Ireland and to mock the rich#8217;s view towards the poor during the hamlet procrastination famine. To be clear, Swift is not saying that eating children is a reasonable solution to the problem, rather he is demonstrating the heartless and cruel attitude of the rich, while pointing out the issues he sees with the Irish government. Me too. Looks fun, and you get to make ridiculous arguments. Here are two techniques and tips to write great satire. In #8220;A Modest Proposal#8221; Swift uses an intense, serious tone throughout the entire piece.

One of the Level Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Words most important things about using tone is that we make sure we choose the correct tone to convey the message we so desire. In satire, most commonly, the most effective tone to use is the serious tone. This is because the on the education serious tone creates this confusion within the High Level reader, just like my junior class was confused the first time we read satire. If the author was using joking language, we would understand that this wasn#8217;t real and lose interest, but because of the intense serious language, we couldn#8217;t stop talking about owl purdue university it. High Dramaturgy? Be definitive.

Say crazy things. Give detail. Owl Purdue University? Eat babies. (Just kidding, don#8217;t do that.) Irony is saying one thing, while meaning the other, or in situations when the outcome is contrary to what is High Dramaturgy Essay Words, expected. #8220;A Modest Proposal#8221; is often hailed as one of the greatest examples of sustained irony in the English language. Swift accomplishes this by starting the piece highlighting the problem of starving families in self confidence essay in tamil Ireland, and then proposing his solution. A young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and Dramaturgy Essay Words, wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricassee, or a ragout.#8221; How#8217;s that for irony? If you want to write satire, one of my biggest tips is that you read satire. Owl Purdue? Satire is a different way of thinking, and in order to High Level Dramaturgy, understand it better and write it better, you must become acquainted with it#8217;s style, prose, and voice. Check out a few of these satirical sites: Do you enjoy satire? Have you ever written it?

Let us know in essay the comments section. Essay - 1500 Words? Take fifteen minutes and practice writing some satire! Choose a popular subject and self in tamil, make your point. Don#8217;t forget to use irony and tone! Make sure you share your practice in the comments below! I enjoy satire, to read and to view in a play or show, as long as it is High Dramaturgy Words, #8216;satirical#8217; and not mean or cruel, but subtle and humorous.

I agree Lillian! This is a challenge. I#8217;m curious to read posts from members. Great topic! Here#8217;s how I began a #8220;humorous#8221; speech recently. I guess this is satire: When my mother turned 92, she told me: “If I’m still alive in two years… shoot me.” When she turned 94 she said the same thing. And this time she meant it. “Honour Thy Parents,” they say.

It’s the hamlet procrastination Fifth Commandment, but wait a minute! I CAN’T SHOOT MY MOTHER. Or can I? Logically, we should shoot everyone over 80. The evidence against longevity is High Level Essay - 1500, overwhelming: 1) Old people wish they were dead, and, 2) Old people can’t afford. I’ve done the research on longevity, done my due diligence, and I’m wondering now if perhaps I should just…go ahead and shoot her. (NOTE: Some people in the audience were totally freaked out. They#8217;re still talking about it. They keep asking how my mother is.) Ha!

PJ that#8217;s great! This is good, P J Reece. I must confess, my husband and owl purdue, I have been talking about no 1) and 2) and old people. He looked at me and said, #8220;What am I doing here?#8221; What could I say except, #8220;We don#8217;t have a gun.#8221; This is High Dramaturgy - 1500, great, PJ. Old people take up so much space, and it#8217;s only owl purdue, logical to shoot them while they#8217;re ahead. Absolutely.

The worst part of Words this mother business is of female teachers, that my mother is - 1500, now 101 and has no intention of surrendering. She has transcended fate. It#8217;s scary. Now that is thesis, satire! Was Jonathan Swift your ancestor? Mind you, it would have been apt to shoot my father at a much longer age! Mind you, I wouldn#8217;t have actually done it, no matter how much he merited an abbreviated life span, but to have written a satire on the topic would have been so comforting! But is Dramaturgy - 1500 Words, this really the wrong approach for this writing exercise? Pity. Wow, awesome topic. I come from Serbia and we LOVE satire irony and dark humor!

And I love your point about self writing in #8220;serious#8221; tone. That is the very thing that makes people think and scratch their heads in astonishment. #8220;Wait a minute, this guy is not serious!#8221; That moment of confusion and re-thinking is the precious gift for a reader. Thank you for this call, i will definitely try to write satire and let you know how it went. - 1500? Milena, I agree! It#8217;s so fun to watch people scratch their heads #128578; Can#8217;t wait to read your satire! Love this. Satire can also be an amazing tool for dealing with personal stuff, as I#8217;ve found out over an essay education, the past few months. Dramaturgy - 1500? It#8217;s oddly refreshing.

It#8217;s interesting to note that Swift tried to get his point across in more conventional essays but was largely ignored. It wasn#8217;t until he wrote A Modest Proposal and used pamphlets to distribute it widely, that it received any notice. Sometimes satire is the most powerful tool. Wow Jay, interesting! I did not know that. Satire can be the essay most influential it seems.

Thanks for Level Essay - 1500, sharing! The United States Air Force has a number of B-17 bombers that could be used to destroy any ISIS stronghold. Fill the bombers with garbage and drop the waste. If ISIS tries to shoot down the of happyness essay questions falling garbage, it becomes more garbage. We now solve the Level - 1500 ISIS problem and eliminate the need for garbage landfills. The bombers fly at self confidence a very high altitude and are out of harms way. Great job Frank! Thanks for sharing. Great solution, bury them in garbage!

A Proposal of Modesty, spoken in Dramaturgy Essay Words the voice of the pursuit of happyness essay questions Foghorn Leghorn. Let us propose to move all the Essay - 1500 Gays, Lesbo#8217;s and bayaning 3rd world, Queer mutha-fuckas to Canada. Lots of room up there, mostly penguins, deers, and polar bears. Perhaps them polar bears can eat some of those queers and Level Essay - 1500, Lesbo#8217;s and help take the confidence penguins off the endangered species list. Ya know whut they say, #8220;If it ain#8217;t got antlers!#8221; Damn son, I kill my self sometimes. Of course if we do this, we will have to find something for Pat Robertson, southern congress-folk #8212; you know them representatives and senators #8212; and nearly all of the Christian folk to blame things on. Well, not the High Presbyterians. Of course there might be room in Canada to ship all the Presbyterians as well.

Think we could include the Lutherans? I#8217;m neither gay nor Christian nor a penguin, but there#8217;s something not quite right about this satire. I offer up this criticism, Gary, just to point how difficult it is to write good satire. An Essay Of Female Teachers? I#8217;d love to see you rewrite this.. Level - 1500? but according to what principles of satire, I#8217;m not sure. Anybody have some insight into paper this?

Mostly I believe if I have to explain things, I got it wrong. Having said that, I have made some changes, and I too would be interested in other insight. What I see mainly in your piece, Gary, is the courage to throw something on the page, because it#8217;s a potent starting point. Yes, where#8217;s the insight we#8217;re looking for? Help! I don#8217;t know how much U.S. news you are familiar with. There has been a huge flack over same sex marriages here with the fundamentalist and a couple blaming everything from global warming and the fall of the economy on homosexuality. It#8217;s gotten ridiculous. Foghorn Leghorn would have been the spokesman.

Anyway that was the intent. Here is Words, a short start to some satire I have had in mind for quite some time. I realized something long ago. When I was young boy and my father was telling me how lucky I was that I had my whole life ahead of me. He told me about my schooling ahead and how much there was going to 3rd world reaction paper essay, learn. He told me that I would see the world from north to south, west to east.

He teared up as he told me about the life i had coming. High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words? #8220;What I wouldn#8217;t give to be your age again#8221; he told me. It was then I realized: Life is too long. I began smoking at once. Two birds one stone cigarettes are, You kill time now AND later. I stared into the light of my phone, flicking my thumb up, down, left and right. I counted stars. I actually counted how many breaths I took in hamlet thesis an hour once. I began to High Dramaturgy - 1500, write a book in my late twenties called #8220;mediations on passing time#8221; This is great, I would love to hear more! I think your irony is procrastination, great! I chose to use a very light, whimsical tone, almost a caricature, instead of a serious tone in my prose poem on #8220;woman on High Level Essay - 1500 woman combat#8221; or competition among females. A bowl of chili explodes in the microwave.

Office girls, run. and ben franklin essay, see, gather round. Who left it there? How rude. Quite uncivilized. Remove. High Level Essay - 1500 Words? it at once. Ouch, it’s hot! My hand! Let’s run your hand under water until the an essay on the education teachers paramedic arrives. A creamy white hand holds a pink, blistered one under water. A voice, so deep. and High Level - 1500, calm, I’m here to save you. Thank you, Creamy Hands, for holding the Blistered.

Hand until I got here. You must say that to all the girls. Not all girls have such. smooth, creamy hands. What about me? I’m the one who’s hurt, Blistered Hand pouts, glancing knowingly at the circle of hands waiting round the cauldron. So you. are, Deep Voice says, turning toward Blistered Hand as Creamy Hands tucks her. tail and retreats to her desk.

Threat! She’s an university irredeemable flirt. Her hands are so creamy! She’ll steal our boyfriends. Creamy Hands cannot have both creamy hands and. High Dramaturgy? flirty lips. It’s too much! It’s overwhelming. We must stop her. She’ll take. over the office! Blistered Hand heals all afternoon, secret texts sent and. received by her bandaged hand.

Creamy Hands checks her email one last time, just before five. Subject: Indian night delayed. 7pm instead of 6. Shimmy your. ta-tas to procrastination thesis, my place for a night of exotic curries and Level Essay, sangria! A creamy hand knocks on the door at one minute to seven, cumin-scented rice balls the only thing brighter than her skin. Stand and wait, but no one’s home. Essay? The glances, the texts sent from under the desks. Creamy Hands. begins to cry, the Level Essay - 1500 Words coven gathering round the cauldron at an essay on the of female teachers the bar down the lane. High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500? Tears in owl purdue her eyes, she mounts her motorcycle, cumin balls in. her purse, tail tucked once more to retreat home in shame. Crash! Vision. blurred, in a ditch, the Level Essay blood drips from her creamy leg.

She surrenders to the. dirt, alone and outcast, and begs the hamlet procrastination thesis siren to leave her be. Dramaturgy? Deep Voice arrives. Creamy Hands, I think you missed me. How. Owl Purdue? did you end up in this ditch, m’lady? Deep Voice, is that you? I made these.

rice balls for girls’ night, and the girls ditched me. Only jealous girls do. the ditching. If you’ll hold my strong hand with your creamy one, I’ll pull you. out of this ditch. Shall we? We shall, Deep Voice. High Level Essay - 1500? Where to, Creamy Hands?

To. the 3rd world essay bar down the lane for High Dramaturgy - 1500 Words, sangria. Shall I order for bayaning, us, Creamy Hands? Say, isn’t that Blistered. Hand there with the ladies from round the cauldron? Wait a minute. Level Essay - 1500 Words? Did you. bring me here to make them jealous, Creamy Hands? But only as an confidence essay in tamil afterthought, Deep.

Voice. I do like you! Creamy Hands, I’ll not be flaunted like a piece of deep-voiced. High Essay? meat. Leave me be to an essay of female, nurse my beer at the bar. Ladies, I miss you, and I still have the cumin-scented rice. balls I made for you. Hesitant glances abound, sizing up creamy-handed, flirty-lips. when one of the coven spots Deep Voice leaving. Who is that? A cougar! Blistered.

Hand points to grey hair. He’s leaving with a cougar! But she’s so old and. wrinkly, Creamy Hands pouted. There, there, dear, have a sangria. Some women! So cheap and easy! Blank stares round the Level cauldron. The Pursuit? Creamy Hands breaks the. silence.

Did you see what curly hair wore to work today? This is really funny Traci! You did a great job!! Thank you, Kellie! Sad, but true. I think a large dose of humour helps when we confront the dark parts of ourselves. Great article! How silly! Very cute though. This is a plan that I’m putting forward to maintain the balance in our modern culture of tolerance. There have been numerous legal accounts of business owners being ridiculed, sued, and then forced to respect the Level Dramaturgy acts of clientele that are not of their personal interest.

This is hamlet procrastination thesis, my solution. At every Gay event, there is a tent meeting for biblical revivals and soul winning. The tent meeting should be allowed to be as large and as loud as they want. Christian clothing companies should be allowed to stretch fabric along routes of Gay parades, to advertise their products. Level Dramaturgy Essay Words? This of course might block the view of the parade itself, but that is a right the confidence companies should have. Essay Words? All businesses, from Starbucks cafes, to Apple’s corporate lobby will have a table available for any bible believer the right to drink coffee and owl purdue university, hand out biblical tracts.

The tracts might condemn the behaviour of homosexuality, and not show any acceptance to Gay marriage, but these bible believers should have the right. These are just a sample of the many suggestions that I am proposing to alleviate this burden on our society. To read the complete proposal please got to I am currently writing a modest proposal essay for school and i cant think of anything to write about Level Dramaturgy please help me. OK I#8217;ll bite. Essay Questions? Here#8217;s my practice piece: Well, it looks like the High Dramaturgy Essay - 1500 Grammar Police will finally take some action.

Last week they made a proposal to revoke the literary licenses of people who constantly use the the wrong #8220;there#8221; in there writing. There licenses would be torn up and there fingers would be taped together, or better yet, Crazy glued together. There serious about this and are confident that this one step will improve the quality of the stories that we read. Essay? I believe that this is a good first step, but in High Words step to, they should go after those who use the wrong to, to! Next they could go after the people who write #8220;Wah Lah!#8221;, problem solved.

I#8217;m reading these entries, and stressing out that I#8217;m not going to be able to write satire. Then read Jay Warner#8217;s from bayaning 3rd world reaction paper, a year ago It#8217;s interesting to note that Swift tried to High Level - 1500, get his point across in more conventional essays but was largely ignored. Of Happyness Essay? Okay, I can work with that. High Level Essay Words? Give me time. Thank#8217;s Jay, and thanks to Kellie.

I#8217;m really stretching out of the pursuit of happyness essay my comfort zone!

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